The Montreal Review
Barack Obama and the Pious Mob | Michael Peter Bolus | Art: Fresco on the central wall of the exedra of House of the Vettii in Pompeii
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
It is an ancient tale, born thousands of years ago in a remote and shadowy epoch — a story which would be codified many centuries later by the great poets and dramatists who helped compel their culture’s emergence from a frightening and dark age...
Bob Dylan and the American Past | A.E. Smith | Art: Blood on the Tracks, Album Cover
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Many years ago, my mother and I were driving down Russell Hill Road in Toronto. I had been living outside of Canada for a while and we were in the long process of catching up. My mother asked me something about my old girlfriend. I thought for a moment and then, instead of answering her question, I sampled Bob Dylan...
M*A*S*H: The 60s are Dead | Bruce Fleming | Art: M*A*S*H, Film Poster
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Back at the end of the 1960s, this movie (M.A.S.H.), at least to me, had seemed like a huge hilarious middle finger to The Man. Watergate hadn’t happened yet (the Watergate Hotel in Washington, D.C. has just re-opened, with a 60s theme and many references to the famous burglary that took down President Nixon: the room cards say 'No Need to Break In'); the US wasn’t yet talking with the North Vietnamese—now we’re buddies with the re-united Vietnam ruled by the north, which probably makes your running shoes. In Nixon’s Vietnam-era America, this movie was the height of good-guy and -gal pacifist chic. The bottom line of the movie was of its time too: sex is good, the military is bad...
A Generation of Scrappers | Aaron James Henry
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
It started with Torrent. In the Internet’s under-toe, a bunch of us were desperate to cobble together a film or video game from the scraps of free-floating bits and bytes...
The Greatest Discovery of All | Yoav J. Tenembaum | Art: Félix Parra Hernández, "Galileo at the University of Padua Demonstrating the New Astronomical Theories", 1873
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The greatest discovery of all is the question; the realization that our mind can leap forward from ignorance to curiosity, from appearance to doubt, from assumption to fact – and the consequent realization that in order to do that an intellectual bridge is needed in the form of a question...
Moses | David Levy
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
One might conceive of Moses as a Kafkaesque figure, a person of uncertain speech and identity, a son of two cultures, commanded by Hashem - the Almighty - to talk Pharaoh into freeing the Hebrew slaves, his people, explain the divine mission to the Hebrews and to achieve this with an impaired vocal skill, lips 'uncircumcised'...
Kremlin's New Ideology | T.S.Tsonchev | Art: Lilias Buchanan: Series of illustrations for Leo Tolstoy's 'The Death of Ivan Ilyich'
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
There is a kind of fusion of religion and politics in contemporary Russia. This does not mean that there is a de-secularization of the Russian state and society; rather we witness a recovery and reinvention of an old form of caesaropapism that is traditional for the Russian political culture and experience. Over the centuries, before the end of monarchy, Russia considered itself as a Christian empire, the Third Rome, a successor of Byzantium, the Euro-Asiatic empire destroyed by the Ottomans. In Byzantium the emperor was the head of state and church. He was God's representative on earth. And now, in the 21st century, we see how these old ideas and mythologies are resurrected and successfully exploited by the power in Kremlin...
In the Beginning Was the Word; then Came the Film Version | Peter Swirski
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Book Review of Nicholas Ruddick's 'Science Fiction Adapted to Film'
Lessons from Stanislaw Lem and Peter Swirski | Iris Vidmar
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Back in the year two thousand, Peter Swirski took his interdisciplinary approach to Edgar Allan Poe and Stanislaw Lem. Rather than gushing over their artistic talent, Swirski focused on the extent to which these literary giants stepped into fields usually classified as ‘sciences only’...
Survival and Grace in Solzhenitsyn’s One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich | A.E. Smith
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
As a Slavophile, Solzhenitsyn thoroughly rejected any Western solutions for Russia or for individual Russians living the Soviet nightmare. Instead, he believed that to survive, whether as individuals, as a people or as a nation, the Russian people had to return to first principles, ancient Russian folkways and, particularly, faith in G-d. Indeed, he once summed up his understanding of the root cause of the “ruinous revolution” that, to him, had destroyed Russia: 'Men have forgotten G-d. That is why all this happened.'
Lingusitic realism: the dogma of the day | Bruce Fleming | Art: Urs Fischer's Misunderstandings in the Quest for the Universal
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Historians tell us that the University of Paris in the early 13th century was defined by its universal acceptance of a philosophical dogma derived from Plato and mandated by the Church, namely a belief in the realism of universals: what (say) makes all red things red is Redness, and has independent existence, ultimately in the mind of God. By the 15th century, however, the works of Aristotle with his rejection of Plato had gained the upper hand, and nominalism, the dogma that universals had no independent existence, gradually became the norm. One dogma displaced another. But of course both dogmas were only ever accepted by intellectuals: those outside were merely going about living their lives...
Climate Change, Violence—What can be done? | An Interview with Roy Scranton
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Learning to Die in the Anthropocene is a philosophical meditation, in the tradition of Susan Sontag or Camus, on climate change and how to approach and think about climate change from a humanistic perspective...
Europe, Brexit and the Kantian garden | György Schöpflin
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
At the end of the day, we have to establish a new narrative, a new formula for Europe. It has to be one that citizens can identify with and, ideally, is acceptable to those who are suspicious of Europe. If this formula does not emerge from the debate that is starting, Europe itself will be the loser...
The Christian Democratic Origins of the European Union | Ben Ryan
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
As Popes John Paul II and Benedict XVI continually reiterated, Europe should not turn its back on its Christian roots which have shaped its values and institutions. This does not mean a return to Christendom but a return to a deeper and wider understanding of what it means to be a European...
Shifting Europe - a historical view | Domhnall O'Sullivan
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
I recently came across a 1994 volume of the cultural journal Dædalus, still published today by MIT. What initially attracted me was the cover, a colourful oil sketch of Muscovite cupolas, and the catchy title of the special issue: ‘After Communism: What?’ However, the contents were even more worthwhile as a historical time capsule. Academics and politicians of the time try to make sense of post-Communist Europe in a collection of essays analyzing the particular historic moment of the early 1990s: the last time the continent underwent such a sudden, wide-ranging shift before now...
Kant and Idol Worship | Robert Wexelblatt | Art: Walter Bortolossi
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
'Virtue often consists only in a willingness to give in to the smaller vice...'
Academic Freedom: Don’t Turn The University Into A Clinic | Frank Furedi
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
There was a time when universities provided a hospitable environment for intellectual experimentation, the questioning of prevailing conventions and the pursuit of robust debate. Even at times when society was dominated by a climate of conformism, the university offered academics and their students opportunities to question prevailing conventions...
Aristotle, Thomas Aquinas, and Oliver O'Donovan on Judgment and Justice | T.S.Tsonchev
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
We are permitted to judge merely the act of man, his momentous will as expressed in the case. We pronounce a verdict over the casus, and over the particular action, a verdict according to the truth. But the neighbor, not his act, but the neighbor, is the one that we are called not to judge, but to love...
The Crisis of Liberal Secularism | TMR
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Secularism is not as 'secular' as we are used to hear. In fact, secularism is the unexpected 'child' of Christianity; a child that many non-Christian societies have tried to adopt. This child, metaphorically speaking, has become an adult, and today, it seems to experience a 'middle-age' crisis. These are some of the main arguments of Jacob De Roover's new book 'Europe, India, and the Limits of Secularism.'...
HARTWIG EBERSBACH ABSTRACT AVANT-GARDE PAINTING IN GDR | by Paul-Henri Campbell | Photo: Marcel Schawe
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Although German Reunification commemorated its 25th anniversary last year, the German art scene continues to be weirdly bipolar. By zooming in on individual careers of artists, however, one may come to appreciate the web of complicated relations that shaped East and West German painting during the Cold War and afterwards. Hartwig Ebersbach is a painter of the former GDR, though his success was reared in the West...
THE ART OF ARTERTAINMENT, AMERICAN STYLE | by Peter Swirski | Art: Andy Warhol
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
In the second decade of the third millennium fast divisions between high art and popular entertainment are dissolving. On the one hand, popular fiction is increasingly recognized not only as a crucial component of democratizing populism but, on occasion at least, also as art...
POPE FRANCIS AND THE JOY OF LOVE | by Eileen P. Flynn
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
On April 8, 2016 the Vatican issued the English translation of Amoris Laetitia, the Joy of Love, written by Pope Francis. The document consists of 325 paragraphs arranged in eight chapters and takes the form of an apostolic exhortation. An apostolic exhortation is different from an encyclical in that it does not define doctrine. Amoris Laetitia conveys Pope Francis' conclusions about how the family should be understood and how everyone in the Catholic Church should exercise their roles in regard to the family. The exhortation is...
FROM MONTREAL TO BEIJING | by Daniel A. Bell
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
For a young Montrealer growing up in the 1960s and 70s, China seemed like a far away, almost imaginary place, with utopian communities like Shangri-La and Xanadu (I’ve since visited both places – Xanadu is a patch of grassland in Inner Mongolia and “Shangri-La” is a small town in Yunnan province that has been renamed to attract foreign tourists). My only experience with the country consisted of...
CRACKS | by Andreas Kuersten | Art: Jiang Pengyi
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
It’s a quiet Sunday afternoon in the nation’s capital, September 27th, 2015; the day after Chinese President Xi Xinping departed for New York City. Chinese flags placed on the light posts along Constitution Avenue still wave. They flow with the cadence of a cool fall breeze, flanked on either side by the flags of the United States of America and District of Columbia...
NEURO-PHILOSOPHY OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS | by Nayef Al-Rodhan | Art: Heidi Whitman
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Neuroscience has had limited disciplinary connectivity to the field of International Relations (IR) and Politics. The field of IR is traditionally understood to be about the relations between states, competition, power and resources. As a result, the findings of neuroscience appear to hold little relevance for IR scholars...
PLAYING WITH THE DEVIL: THE COMIC MORALITY OF MIKHAIL BULGAKOV | by Angus Smith
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
I first discovered Mikhail Bulgakov in an anthology of Soviet science fiction. I was a 9th grade nebbish and budding Slavophile haunting the shelves of the Forest Hill Public Library. I wasn’t an SF fan by any stretch of the imagination, but I recognized a couple of the names in the table of contents and the title of the Bulgakov story – novella, as it turned out – caught my eye: The Fatal Eggs. It tells the story of a brilliant scientist who has devoted his life to a masterpiece of pure research: a ray that can speed up and enhance biological processes...
A DEFENCE OF THE SOUL | by Gerald K. Harrison | Art: Rene Magritte
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The English philosopher Thomas Hobbes, writing in the 17th century, rejected the view that we are immaterial souls temporarily resident in our physical bodies. We are just complicated flesh machines - “What is a Heart, but a Spring; and the Nerves, but so many Strings; and the Joynts, but so many Wheeles, giving motion to the whole Body?” – and our minds, the ultimate bearers of our conscious experiences (our thoughts, desires, sensations) are just the electrified lumps of meat we call our brains...
THERE IS NO FUTURE TREE | by S. A. Miller | Art: Harry Callahan
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
My aim is to convince you of a few things, mostly about time. But, more than that, I want to ease your suffering...
THE ZETTABYTE PROBLEM, OR THE END OF CULTURAL HISTORY AS WE KNOW IT | Peter Swirski
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The problem with the zettabyte problem is that, even though the proportion of what is culturally valuable to the totality of the cultural information may not have changed (and how would you know?), multiplying both a millionfold has the effect of obscuring the former as effectively as if it was not there at all. It may take a long time, but you can be sure to find a proverbial good book in a thousand. But you will never find a million good books in a billion...
A PEARL | Paul Schollmeier
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Not long ago I had the good fortune to see the Girl with a Pearl Earring by Johannes Vermeer at The Frick Collection in New York City. The painting was part of a visiting exhibit of fifteen paintings from the Dutch Golden Age on loan from the Mauritshuis in Amsterdam. The Mauritshuis was then undergoing a renovation. The renovation is now complete and by all accounts a great success...
THE MYTH OF RELIGIOUS VIOLENCE | Paul Allen
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The historical record suggests that the religious/secular divide is not easily separated into distinct component parts. This is certainly true with respect to overlapping motivations within individuals...
THE FOUNDATIONS OF NATURAL MORALITY | S. Adam Seagrave
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
It is difficult to view the intellectual trends of the past 50 years—or even the past 200 years, for that matter—alongside the argument of this book without thinking that this argument is either hopelessly anachronistic or especially timely. As the author, I hope it is the latter....
SECULAR POWERS: HUMILITY IN MODERN POLITICAL THOUGHT | Julie E. Cooper
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
What does it mean to be secular? At one time, secularization was thought to be an inevitable consequence of modernization. With the shift from traditional communities to complex, differentiated societies, scholars predicted, religion would wither away...
THE ISLAMIC STATE (ISIL): POLITISIZED ISLAM AND AN IDEOLOGICAL WAR OF ATTRITION | Hamid Elyassi
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The declared objective of Islamists has been to bring unity and power to Muslims and elevate their religion to a model for the world to follow. Ironically, they have only succeeded in creating political strife and sectarian division in the Islamic world, tarnishing the image of Islam and making Muslims the object of suspicion and misgiving. Of course, it is easy to identify Islam with Islamists and associate it with violence and reaction, but that would be blaming Christianity, the religion of love and tolerance, for the cruelty of the princes of the medieval Church and Buddhism, with its message of peace, for instances of ethnic violence...
HIJRA BEFORE ISIS | Rebecca Gould
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Along with jihad, hijra is one of the most powerful buzzwords in the vocabulary of the Islamic State. Signifying the obligation to migrate lands under Muslim rule, hijra has become a recruiting tool par excellence and accompanied the Islamic State’s rapid expansion across Syria and Iraq. The lure of migration accounts for the yearly exodus of thousands of young European and American men and women away from their homes to this new state. As the Islamic State expands, hijra is increasingly militarized...
THE 'EMOTIONAL' AMORAL EGOISM OF STATES | Nayef Al-Rodhan
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
In 1812 Napoleon Bonaparte, at the heights of his power, set out for the most adventurous, and ultimately fatal, military campaign. Napoleon’s Grand Army of over 500,000 men, the largest force ever mobilized to that date, was led to the lands of Russia. Historians have long investigated the misjudgements of this campaign and the question of hubris emerges as an underlying factor for Napoleon’s vehemence to pursue a disastrous campaign. Hubris is exaggerated pride, often combined with arrogance...
MYTHS OF THE OIL BOOM | Steve Yetiv
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Mark Twain once quipped that the 'trouble with the world is not that people know too little, but that they know so many things that ain't so.' Twain wasn’t talking about energy, which was hardly controversial in his era, but his timeless quote certainly resonates today...
AMERICAN POLITICAL FICTIONS | T. Klee
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Politics may be boring like hell to the outsiders, but not to those at the trough. Look again at the legislative floor, prompts Peter Swirski in American Utopia and Social Engineering, his recent book on American culture and American politics...
SPRINGTIME IN THE LAND OF MOTHBALLS | Michael Milburn
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
On a week-day morning last fall I welcomed a group of well-dressed adults into my ninth grade classroom. It was Grandparents Day at the school where I teach English, and the development office had asked me to offer a mini-course on a topic of my choosing...
HAPPY IN 10 DAYS | J. Anthony Koster
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The man at the registration desk takes possession of my phone and valuables. 'Do you have any questions?' he asks. I hesitate. I have too many to think of the right one. I have just voluntarily handed over my phone—that should occasion a question or two. But I’ve missed my chance...
POST-RATIONAL MANAGEMENT | David K. Hurst
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Ever since the European Enlightenments, the English and Scottish 'sociology of virtue' has been in conflict with the French 'ideology of reason'. For the British philosophers the essence of human nature was a moral sense of right and wrong and a natural empathy for others. For the French philosophes, however, reason was paramount, the equivalent of 'what Grace is to the Christian'. Of course this strife didn’t begin in the 18th Century – it dates back through Aristotle and Plato, to much earlier times. Since then, however, the battle between what Adam Smith called 'moral sentiment' and pure reason has taken many forms and has been fought by proxies in many different places...
NIETZSCHE AND TOCQUEVILLE ON OUR DEMOCRATIC FUTURE | David A. Eisenberg | Art: Fran Recacha
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Democracies are not inherently utopian, but the aim of the modern democratic longing – an age of equality, free from privation and strife – unmistakably is. That those who harbor this longing tend not to consider themselves utopians does little to confute the character of their aims. Many of the greatest utopians of the nineteenth century disdained the title, but their reflections failed to repel the characterization...
NEUROCHEMICAL MAN AND EMOTIONAL AMORAL EGOISM | Nayef Al-Rodhan | Art: Paul Cadmus
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The levels of sophistication of science to date might not have managed to fully grasp ‘what man is like’ in neurobiological terms, yet Chekov’s instinct was sound: acquiring an accurate portrayal of human nature is a prerequisite for creating conditions that respect human dignity and morality. Attempts at moral education which fail to take into account fundamental neurochemical elements of human nature, are bound to prove unsuccessful. In some cases, these may even have undesired effects as they can lead to unreasonable expectations...
ETHICS AFTER ARISTOTLE | Brad Inwood
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The really great philosophers have enormous influence over the centuries. To take the measure of their impact is to understand European intellectual history in its broad outlines. Kant, Descartes, Plato and Aristotle himself – who was once known simply as ‘the philosopher’ – have all left indelible marks on western culture. Aristotelian physics and cosmology ran out of steam in the early modern era; physics, chemistry and astronomy snuffed out the explanatory charm of geocentrism, the theory of four elements, and celestial spheres. In the twentieth century aspects of Aristotelian metaphysics have made something of a comeback, but it’s feeble stuff compared to the enduring importance of his theory of the good life...
EVIL MEN | James Dawes
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Several years ago, my colleague Adam Nadel and I took confessions from a group of convicted war criminals. They were veterans of the Imperial Japanese Army who, during the Second Sino-Japanese war, committed the worst crimes imaginable: torture, rape, murder of children, and diabolical medical experiments upon kidnapped, unsedated civilians. They did not commit their crimes in moments of berserk breakdown or temporary insanity. They committed them over and over again, for years—cunningly, creatively, and with a joyful sense of competition over who could do the most...
REVELATION | Craig R. Koester
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Revelation or the Apocalypse of John is one of the most provocative texts in the Bible. It has inspired great art and music, even as it has fueled speculation about the imminent end of the world. My study of Revelation asks how people have construed its meaning in such different ways, and it offers a way of reading it that is socially engaged and profoundly hopeful...
TO ENGINEER IS HUMAN, TO FORGIVE DESIGN | Henry Petroski
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The working title of my first book was 'What is Engineering?' I had begun asking that question of myself in earnest the late 1970s. At the time, I had earned three degrees in engineering; I had worked as an engineer; I was registered as a professional engineer; and I had taught engineering. Yet when a layperson neighbor or colleague in the humanities or social sciences asked me what engineers do, I could not complete an explanation before his or her eyes began to glaze over...
THE LOTTERY | Andrew Lodge | Art: Sara Germain
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
I rounded the busy corner at the traffic circle, dodging the mass of humanity that slides through Delhi on any given morning. Between all the movement I caught a glimpse of him, and as I slipped forward through the crowds he came into full view. He sat propped up against the stone wall on one edge of the road, his body shrouded in a tattered saffron blanket and his head wrapped in a scarf, the same place and position and outfit as always. As I approached him, my eyes were involuntarily drawn to his decaying feet that habitually protruded from underneath the blanket. I often wondered if he did this deliberately, an extra sales pitch for the alms collection that was his pursuit and livelihood....
THE WORLD ON A CUP | Joseph Heathcott | Art: Ralph Steiner
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
I had my first taste of coffee from a glass mug featuring a Mercator projection map of the world. I was ten years old, seated at my grandparents' kitchen table. Grandma had ordered the mugs sometime in the early 1970s from Life magazine, which advertised them as a promotional offering from the Nestle corporation. Through the obloid glass, the scalding hot coffee looked like weak tea, and it offered only the barest hint of flavor. Quality was beside the point. It was all about getting grandpa ready for his long shift hauling freight in semi-truck and trailer...
THE LOUDEST NOISE | Elettra Pauletto | Art: Lucie Melahn
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Many who have spent some length of time in Rwanda will know that the place has a certain feel to it. Perhaps they can’t quite put their finger on it, and some might even ignore it – but one common observation persists: there is something sinister in the air. It might come from knowing that the genocide of 800,000 people took place in 1994, which is not so long ago. The killing was ferocious, and when it was over, the killers and victims went back to living side by side. 'Hi Neighbor'. Inevitably, they suffered from the memories of the genocide – either because of who they lost, what they did, or in many cases, both – and on top of that, they suffered from fear of revenge and repressed emotions. This repression was an executive order: the government insists that notions of ethnic identity and the competition for power between them gave rise to the genocide, and all discussion of ethnic differences was consequently banned. Identification cards detailing ethnic affiliation were taken out of use, and the few who publicly speak of separate ethnic groups – particularly when pointing out that moderate Hutus were killed alongside Tutsis during the genocide – are accused of supporting terrorism or espousing genocide ideology, both crimes that come with lengthy prison sentences yet hopelessly vague definitions. Still, everybody knows who is Hutu and who is Tutsi...
THE TRUTH ABOUT GAZA | Roy Cohen | Art: Banksy
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
I grew up and spent 22 years of my life in Ashdod, an Israeli city located 25 kilometers north of the place we call Gaza. I’ve lived for thirty years in total — and not a single time have I ever been to Gaza. No one in my family has ever been to Gaza. It has taken me some time—I admit, I can be slow—but I have finally figured out why: The Gaza Strip is not a real place.
AN INDEFATIGABLE AGENDA | Patrick Ross
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
A bitter gale sliced its way through the heart of Amsterdam the night of February 22nd, 1672, causing "severe cold and dryness," the Hollandse Mercurius later recorded. Dryness is not what one desires when attempting to heat a large, open building filled with wood presses and paper. Dutch buildings in the 17th Century often were little warmer than the air outside. Fireplaces were essential on cold winter nights, even while the growing port city's residents knew flames were always capable of spreading beyond their brick-encased enclosures. But why would anyone be heating, at 3:30 a.m., not a private home, but the largest printing house in Europe?...
LETTERS | Stuart A. Kurtz | Art: Vicente Carducho
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Stuart A. Kurtz on Kirby Olson's article 'Marianne Moore and the Just War Tradition'
An Existential Encounter | Francis Kane
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The encounter with death has been a central theme in Western philosophy in general and in Existential philosophy in particular. The other boundary of human existence, birth, has been treated at best as a marginal phenomenon; at worst, completely ignored...
How I became an Existentialist | Fred Skolnik
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Before there was post-modernism, there was modernism. Before there was deconstructionism, there was existentialism. I belong to that earlier time...
Marianne Moore and the Just War Tradition | Kirby Olson
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The Presbyterian poet Marianne Moore comes out of a religious tradition that has been largely severed from the literary and artistic world...
Public Figures | John Wenke
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Before Amanda Bynes went loopy, we had never heard of her. Maybe we missed her on Oprah. Now that we think of it, she probably never went on Oprah...
Human Desperation and the Limits of Modern Medicine | Andrew Lodge
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The air was the hot and heavy sort common just before the monsoon. It had a peculiar mixture of industrial strength antiseptic combined with the usual village smells of blossoming flowers and rotting waste...
The Catholic Worker Movement in 2014: An Appreciation | Rosalie G. Riegle
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
There’s an old prayer, attributed to St. Catherine of Siena: 'Thank you, God, for giving me what I didn’t know I needed.' The 'what' for me is the Catholic Worker movement, founded by Dorothy Day and Peter Maurin in 1932 and still on the planet, sturdy and strong in 2014...
Rumpus in The Middle East | A Conversation with Einat Wilf
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Einat Wilf was a member of the Knesset between 2010-2013, representing a break-away Labour party faction under Ehud Barak. A graduate of Harvard University, she holds a Ph.D. in political science from Wolfson College, University of Cambridge. Born and raised in Israel, she grew up in Jerusalem...
From Literature to Biterature | W.M. Osadnik
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Computers and literature, computers and art, computers and creative imagination—among hundreds of questions related to the relationship between human mind and machines, Peter Swirski also asks the most important one: under which conditions an intelligent computer would be capable of creative writing...
The big city as Garden of Eden | Stephanie V Sears
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Centuries of human endeavor including animal domestication, agriculture, market economy, industrialization, science, have come between the Garden of Eden and us. This regrettable separation has incited archeology to dig into a very distant past in search of this garden of our lost innocence, alleged...
Transforming Leviathan | T.S.Tsonchev
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
"Undisciplined" notes on Reinhold Niebuhr and Eric Voegelin...
CALL FOR SUBMISSIONS
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
THE MONTREAL REVIEW IS NOW ACCEPTING BOOK REVIEWS AND LONG-FORM CRITICAL ESSAYS ON SUBJECTS RELATED TO THE FIELDS OF THEOLOGY, PHILOSOPHY, POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC THEORY, INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, HISTORY, ART AND LITERATURE. THE SUBMISSION DEADLINE FOR THE NEXT ISSUE IS DECEMBER 20th, 2014.
Toqueville's America | Fred Skolnik
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
In May 1831, at the age of 25, Alexis de Tocqueville arrived in the United States as part of a commission of two to study the American prison system, returning to France nine months later to write up his report and start work on his famous Democracy in America...
Desire, Passion, and the Politics of Culture | Jerome A. Miller
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Thoughtful discourse about cultural politics is jeopardized by the intrusion of ideological abstractions. In an attempt to avoid them, I’ll begin with two personal anecdotes...
Reflections on Literary Craft | Michael Milburn
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
I have an idea for a short story, but doubt my ability to pull it off. I haven’t written any stories since high school, where I received enough encouragement to convince me to apply to a fiction workshop in college and to a poetry workshop as a back-up...
How to Speak Weimar | Rudy Koshar
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
In recent years 'Weimar-talk' has been an important part of American political pundits’ toolkit. Soon after September 11 it was common to regard George W. Bush’s 'War on Terror' as a modern version of Article 48, the constitutional provision authorizing temporary suspension of democratic liberties...
Following the Saints, Footfall by Footfall | Matthew R. Anderson
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Several hills and valleys into my first day of walking the 100 km St. Cuthbert Way from Melrose Scotland to Holy Island, England, I stopped to check my bearings and time. I'd arrived at a point of decision. On a pilgrimage trail you might argue that every step is a point of decision, but on a map...
The Stillness of the Acropolis | Richard LeBlond
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
In the spring of 1972, I headed from the States to Europe with that wave of young North Americans for whom an international adventure was an essential experience in the new era of personal growth...
An Attempt to Find the Catholic Worker Movement | Michael Nagel
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
My copy of 'Loaves and Fishes: The Story of the Catholic Worker Movement' is falling apart. There is almost nothing holding it together...
On Referendums | Matt Qvortrup and David Levy
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The Québec referendums of 1980 and 1995, conducted by René Lévesque and Jacques Parizeau, were essentially a response to pressures from within the Parti Québécois, from party stalwarts not the electorate, which by tradition is the general motivation for conducting a referendum. Lévesque and Parizeau never thought they could win. The referendums were conceived as a lynchpin for holding the party together in its quest for political power...If a nationalist party wins a majority they have no choice but to call a referendum, even if they know they are going to lose.
Syria and The Power of Wrongdoing | James Gow
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Syria is awash with war crimes. The people suffer deliberatively inflicted hardship and harm. This is war marked by war crimess--the hallmark of the last three decades, where almost every armed conflict has been marked by strategies of war crimes. Syria is among the worst cases. Yet, those...
The Advent of Virtual Realism | Alexander Zubatov | Art Work by Andrew Stevovich
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
David Shields’ 2010 anti-novel Reality Hunger is a kind of 205-page manifesto composed of 618 brief numbered sections, the longest no more than a few pages, though most are limited to a few sentences. These passages are, by and large, uncited quotations from other authors.
What is Political Theology and Why Does it Matter? | Clayton Crockett
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
In 2003, Mark Lilla published his book The Stillborn God, that examines the tension between modern political philosophy and a more messianic political theology. Lilla claims that modern European thought has struggled with this tension between political theology and political philosophy over the last…
The Plebeian Experience | Martin Breaugh
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
'The plebs' is the name of an experience, that of achieving human dignity through political agency. The plebs designates neither a social category nor an identity but rather a fundamental political event: the passage from a subpolitical status to one of a full-fledged political subject...
Giving Barbarism its Due: Commemorative Monuments in Germany | Rudy Koshar
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Since my first trip to Europe in the early 1970s I’ve seen Germany become not only the dominant financial power of the Continent but also a model for how to memorialize a violent past...
Fateful Decisions and Foreign Policy | Steve Yetiv
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Many political scientists, economists and other social scientists, as well as your average layperson, have tended to assume that human beings are rational. Yet, scholars of cognitive psychology have demonstrated in experiments that rationality is sometimes elusive; that our decisions are impacted by many mental shortcuts that contribute to bad decisions; and that decisionmaking, while often reasonably accurate, is also frequently clouded by biases...
The Camps | Alicia DeFonzo
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
They traveled north through the city of Weimar and approached the compound at daybreak. It was overcast, and ash sat atop the lofty barbed wire barrier...
The Theology of Catharsis: Love and Action | T.S.Tsonchev
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Love is a strong, problematic word, especially put against another word, action. Love and action are like two worlds, separated by abyss. We speak about them with passion and conviction, but do we practice them together? This was the question that Hannah Arendt and Karl Barth were concerned most writing their books on God and human condition. This is the question that the good man asks himself after witnessing his failure to either love but not act or act but not love
Marianne Moore and the Poetics of the Protestant Work Ethic | Kirby Olson
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
In Money and Modernity: Pound, Williams and the Spirit of Jefferson, scholar Alec Marsh traces the economic theories that ran through the work of modernist poets...
Conscious Evolution | Lisa Kretz
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
We are always cloaked in what has come before. But for decades I have held close to my heart a belief I discovered in Helene Cixous' Laugh of the Medusa...
A New Cold War? | Steve Yetiv
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Peace, jobs, and prosperity in the 21st century may hinge partly on positive relations between the United States and China. And that raises a critical question: Will these countries get into a new cold war of dangerous tensions, harking back to U.S.-Soviet relations in the 20th century? And how can...
Egypt: The Fall of Mohammad Morsi, Ethics and a Shakespearean Question | Hamid Elyassi
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
In February 2011, President Hosni Mubarak of Egypt resigned after the armed forces sided with several thousand protesters who had gathered in Cairo's Tahrir Square to demand his removal. With the probable exception of those who still supported Mubarak, replacing him with a military government was...
Power Without Violence: A Lesson from Tribal Communism | Darko Suvin
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
As dawn arises in the Mbya tribe, one of the last remnants of the once large group of the Tupi- Guarani Amerindians, in the jungle of large trees inside what is now Paraguay, very often a pa’i, a prophet-singer, rises...
Conspiracy and the Death of John Fitzgerald Kennedy | Binoy Kampmark
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
An American president, feted as the inviolable creature of Camelot, accompanied by a pristine, porcelain wife and a sense of opportunity, is felled by an assassin while touring Dallas on November 22, 1963...
Woody Allen and Wealth | Lisa Szefel
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Jokes, jazz, psychoanalysis, sex, magic, Manhattan: scholars, critics, and commentators have scrutinized the obsessions and influences of Woody Allen's films, but his relationship to wealth remains largely unplumbed...
Mind, Brain, and Free Will | Richard Swinburne
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Many thinkers of recent decades have told us that science shows that humans are merely complicated machines, and that our actions are almost totally predetermined by our brain states, themselves predetermined by our genes and environment...
Rabelais’ Brother John: Humor and Humanism | Leonard M. Ares
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
François Rabelais was born towards the end of the 15 th century near Chinon, France. After receiving an education in French Catholic schools, he became a monk in the Order of St. Benedict, later going on to study medicine. In 1532, he published Pantagruel, followed in 1534 by Gargantua...
Frère Jean: portrait de la personne idéale selon Rabelais | Leonard M. Ares
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Rabelais est né vers la fin du XV siècle près de Chinon. Après avoir reçu une formation dans les couvents catholiques français, il est devenu moine dans l'Ordre de Saint-Benoît, autrement dit l'Ordre des Bénédictins...
Letter from Tokyo: Contemplating Tea Bowls | Paul Schollmeier
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Tea bowls are alive! Were I to assert this proposition in causal conversation with you, you might well think that I had been imbibing something a wee bit stronger than tea...
Are You Thinking about Taking a Cruise? | Eileen Flynn
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Is it reasonable to defend a corporate policy which shouts 'Gotcha!' to the vacationer who balks at boarding a cruise ship due to hurricane conditions and requests a refund? Many instances of corporate wrongdoing have been uncovered due to whistleblowers. When the whistleblower is a customer, not a company insider, how likely is it that he or she will be able to be a change agent?
An Interview with Etgar Keret | Julia Edelman
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The first time I read a short story by Etgar Keret, I was working at Symphony Space, a performing arts center in New York....
Baby Shower | Short story by Matt Domino
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The Giants had just won the Super Bowl and the spring semester was underway. The forecast had called for snow...
The Legacy of Tiananmen Square | Michel Cormier
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
More than twenty years later, the legacy of Tiananmen Square remains, an unsolved problem. The prominent names in the struggle, such as Wang Juntao, the mentor of the student leaders, or Wang Dan, leader of the Tiananmen student movement, live for the most part in exile in the United States, Europe, Hong Kong, or Taiwan...
China’s Facelift: Economic Development and Political Transition | Hamid Elyassi
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
In March this year, the moulting of the political structure of the People's Republic of China was completed at the annual plenary session of the National People's Congress and the old faces at the top politely offered their seats to their younger colleagues...
Darwin and Dogma: On Leiter and Weisberg’s Review of Mind and Cosmos | Alex Sztuden
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
In September of 2012, the eminent philosopher Thomas Nagel published a calm and dispassionate book challenging the reigning scientific orthodoxy of the day. In his book Mind and Cosmos, Nagel argues that the current materialist, neo-Darwinian explanatory model cannot account for the existence of consciousness, reason and value...
Essays for a Counter-Revolutionary Time | Darko Suvin
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
In 1956, in the dead-end of the Cold War, Horkheimer and Adorno embarked on recorded discussions in view of a new version of the Communist Manifesto for the new times (just as Brecht had in 1944 felt the need to renew it for the age of world wars and in hexameter form)...
The Wright Brothers: Right or Wrong | Binoy Kampmark
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The controversy over whether the Wright Brothers were, in fact, the first humans to take to flight on December 17, 1903 in the famed Kitty Hawk in North Carolina has been an enduring one...
Likeness: autobiographical essays by Michael Milburn
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
In our house a hallway ran the length of the second floor, ending at my mother's bedroom. Standing outside my room, I could look down the hall and see whether her door was open, meaning that she was awake and receiving visitors, and whether one of my five siblings was sitting in the chair facing her bed...
Tea with the Vicar, or the Pleasures of Light English Fiction | Robert Boucheron
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Some things never go out of style. This means, of course, comic novels published in England in the first half of the twentieth century. Unfortunately, they do go out of print...
Emile Nelligan, “un Dante d’une époque déchue” | Maja Nazaruk
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
A l'époque de son apogée, Emile Nellighan était un jeune gamin subtil et frileux, intellectuel mais pas livresque, aliénée par sa profonde solitude et angoissé par le manque de discours avec ses ainés...
The Green Economy | Molly Scott-Cato
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Britain, and the EU generally, is in the throes of a crisis of confidence in its food supply. The largely unregulated and highly competitive process of producing what ends up on our plates has been offering evidence of poor quality, dishonest labelling, and probably criminal fraud...
Political Emotion: From Pride to Envy and Beyond | Jerome Neu
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The emotions at the heart of contemporary American political discourse have undergone a dramatic shift. For decades, it was all about pride...
Adam Smith, Markets, and Virtues | Ryan Patrick Hanley
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Gains and losses; costs and benefits. Thinking in these terms comes naturally to most of us today. And for this we largely have economists to thank...
The Decline of Democracy | Joshua Kurlantzick
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
After the end of Cold War in the early 1990s, the new millennium sees a return of autocracy and decline of democracy worldwide.
The Character of U.S.-China Relations | Dong Wang
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The 'Chinese dream' (Zhongguo meng), put forth by the new leader Xi Jinping, aspires to match the American dream. Before we dismiss it as just another copycat slogan, let us consider that in history, glorifying labels have often switched owners. At least China does not claim to be God's own country. Just yet.
National Identities and Bilateral Relations in East Asia | Gilbert Rozman
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Gilbert Rozman on National Identities and Bilateral Relations: Widening Gaps in East Asia and Chinese Demonization of the United States.
Passive and Assertive Secularism | Ahmet T. Kuru
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
State policies on religion are the result of ideological struggles between the defenders of two types of secularism. In the US, the dominant ideology is 'passive secularism,' which allows public visibility of religion. The dominant ideology in France and Turkey, in contrast, is 'assertive secularism,' which aims to confine religion to the private domain and to exclude it from the public sphere. Other cases where assertive secularism is dominant include Mexico, while passive secularism is dominant in such cases as India and the Netherlands...
Jenny and the Base: South Korea in the early 2000s
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
SEOUL, Republic of Korea (ROK), June 2001. For reasons of security photography in Kimpo Airport is forbidden. The drive into the city crosses the massive rust-colored Songson Bridge. It was a wet Wednesday evening. Heavy traffic, non-descript post WW2 high rises. Red, green, and blue the preferred colours, a second look revealed some browns and pinks...
The Future of the Korean Peninsula | Sam Noumoff
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The recent visit of Dennis Rodman and members of the Harlem Globetrotters to North Korea raises the spectre of Ping-Pong diplomacy in the normalization of relations between China and the U.S. Tragically, this is an unlikely parallel...
Baikonur Cosmodrome: Space Junk | David Mould
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Just off the main drag in Karaganda, a coal mining and industrial city in northern Kazakhstan, the EcoMuseum is housed on the first floor of a local government administration building. You have to know where you're going because there's no sign on the street, and only a small one on the door...
The Necktie and the Human Condition: One Man’s Story | Michael Jackson
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Class, today's topic is: The world is divided into two kinds of people: those who wear neckties and those who comment on those who wear neckties. Discuss...
The Maiden of Ludmir | Eric Maroney
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Traditional Judaism severely curtailed the role women could play in the arena of religious duties. Women were viewed as necessarily limited by biology, as Jewish law considered women unclean during menstruation and for a certain time following childbirth. In fact, anyone even touching such a woman was considered unclean...
The Life of Leonard Cohen | Manini Sheker
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Leonard Cohen once remarked: 'the kind of thing I like is that you write a song, and it slips into the world, and they forget who wrote it. And it moves and it changes, and you hear it again 300 years later, some women washing their clothes in a stream, and one of them is humming this tune.' While none of his songs might have achieved quite such broad popularity, his work has indeed proved curiously malleable to varied interpretation...
Zero Dark Thirty: Heroism, Torture and Propaganda | Gary Kern
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The phrase Zero Dark Thirty is mysterious and ominous, but meaningless to anyone unfamiliar with the lingo of the United States Armed Forces. Kathryn Bigelow, director of the film with this title, explained on the CBS This Morning show that Zero Dark Thirty is a military term designating thirty minutes past midnight. Neither she nor screenwriter Mark Boal chose to reveal this meaning in the film, so moviegoers were left in the dark. That apparently was the desired effect...
Oil and Grand Strategy | Robert Vitalis
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Neo-mercantilism is alive and well 100 years later, as we see in the press, speeches in Congress, and in the recent US presidential debates, where promises of an elusive 'energy independence' echoed once more...
Dwight Macdonald's Masscult and Midcult in the Age of Waste | Zach Dorfman
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
In 1960, Dwight Macdonald published 'Masscult and Midcult' in the Partisan Review. Here Macdonald introduced his distinction between what he called masscult—or what is more commonly labeled 'lowbrow'—and midcult, which we generally refer to as 'middlebrow.' He identified the characteristics of both forms of culture in America, contrasting them with what used to be known as culture, full stop, but what is today called high culture...
The Evolution and History of Marxism | Darko Suvin
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
For the last quarter of a century we have been witnessing an understandable, although unsavoury, spectacle that can be called 'poisoning the wells.' Wells are poisoned in war so that no one should drink from them, and the victorious turbo-capitalism fears that Marxism might nonetheless raise one of its nine hydra heads again and obstruct the profitable democide and ecocide. That is why, to the reasonable contradictions that can (and must) be articulated within Marxism, tons of garbage are added in order to poison it. This article is, therefore, a minor act of hygiene...
The Coptic Popes | Nelly van Doorn-Harder
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
On November 18, 2012, history was made when Tawadros II was crowned the 118th Coptic Pope in a lineage that started around the year 49 CE, when Mark the Evangelist arrived in Alexandria...
Trust and Society | Bruce Schneier
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Most of us recognize this: that it's not in our long-term best interest to act in our short-term self-interest. But not everyone does. That's why we need mechanisms to induce trust. That's why we need security. And that's what Liars and Outliers is about...
Virginia Woolf, Buddhism, and Lee's Biography of the Artist | A. B. Morgan
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
I've been reading Virginia Woolf since high school, and with more focus and intensity in the past five years. It was when I read The Waves for the first time, while living in Thailand and studying Buddhism, that I had an epiphany: not only was I a Buddhist, but Virginia Woolf was too!
An Analysis of John Donne | by Riley H. Welcker
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
John Donne has engaged the minds of poets and literary critics for centuries, but what makes him so engaging? Is it the play and paradox of his verse, the audacity of his meter, the range of complexity with which he grapples the world around him? Whatever the case, Donne has proven to be a complex character...
On Poe's Pym | Bob Williams
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Let us now exhume the corpse of Edgar Allen Poe's The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket. I will bring this work into the light from the dark recessed dungeons of scholarly contention, steal its meaning from under the haughty upturned nose of self-indulgent and absurd origins. Pym is not about a man tapping into his right brain in search of... art (Canada), it's not about King Solomon and Jerusalem (Kopley), it is not about slavery or hell...
An American in Paris | Christopher Flynn
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
You can swallow the 'gout du bonheur' for only five Euros at L'as du fallafel in the Rue de Rosiers in the Marais in Paris. The taste of happiness...
A Re-Reading of Edmund in Shakespeare's King Lear | Race Capet
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
King Lear's Edmund surely ranks among the most despised figures of Shakespearean drama and is often held up as a villain par excellence. A close reading of I.ii and V.iii, however, reveals Edmund in a very different light...
Hurt Talk: Neil LaBute's Plays | D. J. Lee
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Like his predecessors, LaBute creates characters who are psychologically damaged, but what distinguishes LaBute is his obsessive focus on misogyny. It's hard to find a LaBute play that doesn't feature a man who has cruelly dumped a woman and a woman who has never gotten over it. This is a problem if you accept that playwrights and directors dictate our literary tastes as much as they reflect them...
Life, Poetry, Wisdom | Justice James Clarke
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
When my wife Mary and I got married in 1961, the future looked golden. She gave up a promising career as a fashion illustrator to raise a family. I pursued a law career that culminated in my appointment to the bench in 1983. Our children were happy, healthy and bright...
Listening to Neil Young in All the Wrong Places: A Southern Rock Memoir | Terry Barr
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
'Stay out the way, it's a Southern Thing,' sings Patterson Hood of The Drive-By Truckers. Of course, Hood's is not the only voice warning that outsiders won't ever 'get' this 'Southern thing.' Plenty of insiders like me don't get it either. I love the Truckers, have all their records...
Montreal Art and Literature Events, March, 2013: Rawi Hage
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Dialogues with Rawi Hage at St. James United Church...
American Exceptionalism, American Freedom | Eric Foner
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Patriotism, to quote George Bernard Shaw, 'is your conviction that this country is superior to all others because you were born in it.' The same may be said of American exceptionalism...
Financial Market and Ethics: Why Ethics Matter | Eileen P. Flynn
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
It would be a serious error to think the financial crisis resulted from a glitch in the market for mortgage backed securities, or flaws in computer programs at credit rating agencies, or the failure of government regulators to read between lines of fine print...
The U.S.-Saudi Alliance and the Changing Dynamics of Oil | Thomas W. Lippman
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The peculiar alliance between the United States and Saudi Arabia, forged during World War II and lubricated by oil, is being reshaped by dramatic shifts in global petroleum markets.Saudi Arabia's rulers and strategic planners in Washington still find each other useful, especially in confronting Iran, but they no longer need each other as they did in the past...
Syria's Thirty Years War | Interviews with Edward Luttwak and Faisal Alazem
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Edward Luttwak: I don't know anyone willing to do anything about Syria in the sense of knocking off Assad, which we could do in one day of air strikes...
Architecture: The Dream House | Robert Boucheron
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
In an essay called 'Among the Ruins' about three twentieth-century writers, Bruce Chatwin writes, 'On the island of Capri there lived three narcissists who each built a house on the edge of a cliff. They were Axel Munthe, Baron Jacques Adelsward-Fersen and Curzio Malaparte. All three were writers of the self-dramatizing variety. All had a strong dose of Nordic sensibility. And all sought to expand their personalities in architecture...'
A Jarry Park Education | Tim Lehnert
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
I made my Jarry Park debut at night, on a YMCA day-camp sponsored outing. The stadium felt alive, charged and vivid. The brilliant light towers, whose bulbs I tried to count, brought the grass, the warning track, and the white button-like bases into sharp relief. Night meant sophistication and excitement, an invitation to partake of the grown-up world...
Buckwild and Downton Abbey: TV's Social Reality
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
It's a long way, in geographical distance and creative quality, from the down and dirty world of MTV's reality show hit Buckwild to the rarefied world of U.S. public television's Downton Abbey, but the two TV series have one thing in common, apart from having their new season premieres within a week in January 2013. Both perpetuate social and class stereotypes...
Hey Website Makers, Shape Up | By Steve Yetiv
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The other day, when stuck on a website dealing with my research area, global energy security, a thought hit me: am I website challenged--unable to navigate the increasingly complex internet sites on the Wild Wild Web...?
Art: Chris Burden's Metropolis II
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The Los Angeles County Museum of Art is currently exhibiting Chris Burden's Metropolis II, a 20-by-30 foot, multi-storied installation circulating 1,100 toy cars about 100 times over 18 traffic ways at scale speeds of 230-240 mph each hour...
Invaiatura | Short story by Joel Burcat
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
There's a word that the winemakers here use, it's 'invaiatura'-the moment when the grapes change color, they stop growing and begin ripening...
The Heart of Florence | Short story by Yarrott Benz
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
It was Lee Leffert who convinced my parents that I should be taken seriously as an artist. He was the bachelor brother of the next-door neighbors on Tyne Boulevard in Nashville. Tall, athletic, and erudite, Lee visited his family once a year from the Midwest, where he was the founder and headmaster of an exclusive private school...
Lucky Lady | Short story by Stefanie Levine Cohen
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
It's been fifteen years now that I've been changing the dining room chandelier light bulbs. Fifteen years of paying the bills and sitting in the driver's seat of the large blue Buick and cooking for one. Fifteen years since making the bed meant smoothing the covers and plumping the pillow on my side only...
Normal Accidents | Charles Perrow
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The immense complexity of some industrial organizations and their tight internal connections occasionally allowed even some small local failures, inevitable in complex systems, to cascade through the system and bring it down. If the system also had catastrophic potential, perhaps it should not exist...
Global Corruption | Laurence Cockcroft
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Recent scandals in Canada, laid bare by Quebec's Charbonneau Commission and the press, have shown how a tight network of city bosses, construction kings and political fund raisers can determine the award of major contracts and the financial power of political parties...
Can America’s Oil Boom Free It of Persian Gulf? | Steve Yetiv
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
A recent report by the International Energy Agency concluded that the United States will displace Saudi Arabia as the world's largest oil producer by 2020. If that does occur, what would it mean for U.S. foreign policy? In particular, could America withdraw from the oil-rich Persian Gulf?
Capital, Coercion, and Post-Communist states | Gerald M. Easter
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The post-communist transitions are over. Socialism's command economy was successfully dismantled, but unexpected and distorted forms of capitalism arose in its place, often of a thuggish character, more freebooter than free market. And, finally, the transitions gave rise to very different types of post-communist states, bearing little likeness to the ideal liberal state...
What Makes A City Great? | Christopher Kennedy
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The historical evidence shows that cities progress through three early phases – as centres of commerce, centres of industry, and then transportation hubs – before becoming financial centres...
Machiavellian Intelligence in Primates and Machiavelli | M. Jackson and D. Grace
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Since death Niccolo Machiavelli has had a long career in the popular culture. His name spawned the adjective ‘Machiavellian' and the noun ‘Machiavellianism.' Not a week passes but that some journalist espies a Machiavellian and detects Machiavellianism in others... Machiavelli has also been conscripted into primatology – the study of monkeys and their kind. We argue that this use of Machiavelli's name does him an injustice. What do we want? We want primatologists to stop monkeying around with his name. To make our appeal to common decency we recount how Machiavelli, though no fault of his own, came to the planet of the apes.
The Soviet Union - Federation or Empire? | Tania Raffass
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Few people in the West believed during the Cold War that the USSR was what its founders and leaders thought it to be. Lenin and Stalin designed it as a new type of federation – a union of ethnic nations or nation-states. Its Union Republics in their turn were also partitioned into ethnic homelands with varying levels of cultural autonomy...
Islamic Capitalism and Finance: Origins, Evolution and the Future | Murat Cizakca
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
For a millennium, from the seventh to the seventeenth century, Muslims controlled the intercontinental and transoceanic trade between Europe and the Indian Ocean. While doing this, they also created one of the greatest civilizations of the world. They owed this success to a unique economic system: Islamic capitalism...
Why I Emigrated from America | Joseph Grim Feinberg
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Not long after I moved away from the United States, a college student was arrested in Louisiana for burning an American flag. He was protesting the extra-judicial killing of Osama bin Laden. As one might expect, a patriotic crowd soon gathered to protest the flag burning, and one of them was filmed on YouTube shouting, 'If you’re not proud to be an American, then get out!..'
Eating Angels | Sarah A. Odishoo
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Poetry in prose by Sarah A. Odishoo
What Is Poetry | Juan Tomas
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
To consider a question such as what is poetry, is tantamount to asking what art is, or what is music...
War Photography | David Levy
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The Museum of Fine Arts Houston's exhibition 'WAR PHOTOGRAPHY: Images of Armed Conflict and Its Aftermath' includes a photo of a dead man's lower limbs, stocking feet in loafers, the shot chopped off just above the ankles...
Best of 2012 in TMR: Truly Social
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Mark Pagel on the origins of the human social mind, Kent Flannery and Joyce Marcus on the creation of inequality, Melvyn L. Fein on human hierarchies, Michael Tomasello on cooperation, Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis on human reciprocity and its evolution, Marco Iacoboni on the science of how we connect with others, Simon Baron-Cohen on empathy and origins of cruelty, David Livingstone Smith on dehumanization, Alex Mesoudi on cultural evolution, Mel Thompson on how did I become Me
Dear Reader, Once a year we ask for your support...
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Dear Reader, Once a year we ask for your support. We need your help to continue publishing and promoting some of the world's best authors and their ideas. Presently, the revenue we receive is insufficient to make the Review a self-sustainable publication, so your help really matters. If you are able and wish to make a donation, please consult our 'Donations' page at: http://www.themontrealreview.com/donate.php We want to thank you for being with us. Your loyalty is what makes us happy, proud, and audacious to continue publishing. In 2013, we will try to keep the magazine interesting, informative, diverse, and useful. If you wish to suggest authors, topics, and ideas that you think deserve attention, please write to us at themontrealreview@gmail.com . Sincerely, The Montreal Review Team
Why Capitalism? | Allan H. Meltzer
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The critics of capitalism are wrong. As long as people value freedom and growth, some form of capitalism will remain the principal way to organize economies. Political choice will force deviations from time to time, but a free public will find its way back. Capitalism will remain our future. And because we are not perfect, our system will have flaws. Freedom will permit critics to voice their criticisms, successfully at times.
Neoclassical, Keynesian, and Marxian Economy | Wolff and Resnick
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
In most societies, economic literacy encompassing the contending theories was neglected over recent decades in and by the one-sided curricula and particular theories prevalent in schools, media, business, and politics. We must now correct for that neglect...
Historical Memory in Chinese Politics and Foreign Relations | Zheng Wang
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
For many, China can rise peacefully only after it has changed from a communist dictatorship to a multiparty democracy, where officials are chosen in regular elections. However, without liberation from the powerful complex of historical myth and trauma, I worry that a multiparty democracy could lead China into a dangerous development. This is because history and memory issues can be easily used by nationalist leaders as tools for mobilization or for generation of conflicts between a newly democratic China and its old enemies...
History of East Asia: The Sinosphere, Past and Present | Joshua A. Fogel
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Pre-mid-nineteenth-century relations in East Asia were decidedly not based on a system of equal, interacting nation-states who contracted treaties regulating their political and economic intercourse. They were hierarchical with the ruling dynastic house on the mainland ('China') receiving visitors from the archipelago ('Japan') and from the many statelets along the peninsula ('Korea'), as well as elsewhere in the region.
What has Athens to do with Jerusalem? | Miriam Leonard
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
'What has Athens to do with Jerusalem?' This famous cry of the early Christian Tertullian was answered in the nineteenth century with a resounding response of 'Everything!'...
Plato's Republic: Philosophers by Nature, by Design, and Socratic | Roslyn Weiss
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
It is reasonably assumed that all philosophers in Plato's 'Republic' are the same, and yet, arguably, they are not...
Successful Privatization: Lessons from Britain | David Parker
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The lessons learned from the British privatization. David Parker on his Official History of Privatization
Fiduciary Law | Tamar Frankel
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Some subjects 'grow on you.' They keep recurring in the materials you read, and the stories you hear. Perhaps these subjects crop-up because you think about them. For me, fiduciary law is one of these subjects. In early 1970s I worked on a treatise: The Regulation of Money Managers, focusing on investment advisers and mutual funds...
The Americans | David Levy
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
GLENN Miller is probably the University of Colorado's most famous alumnus. Up on a wall in the Glenn Miller Ballroom, scene of square dances sexier than all the tangos of Argentina, hangs a huge likeness of the man...
Visiting Uncle Shirley | Terry Barr
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
My Uncle Shirley left our home in Alabama as a Jewish salesman, and turned up in rural South Carolina as a Baptist preacher. Of course, we didn't realize that last fact until we heard it at his funeral eulogy. The rest of his life was shrouded in an even deeper mystery...
Pool | Matt Domino
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Short Story by Matt Domino
Jakub Dolejs | Art Mur Gallery
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
That a photographer's guile can make for a heady and instructive aesthetic experience is proved by the remarkable work of Jakub Dolejs. His ongoing practice of deception now encompasses some of the formal language of late Modernism, and his palette is almost hallucinatory in its clarity...
The Linked Recessions of the 1970s and Early Twenty-First Century | Judith Stein:
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
People trying to understand the Great Recession often look back to the Great Depression. Nevertheless, because the economy of the 1930s was self-contained, its dynamics are unlike those of the contemporary economy. A better way to understand the Great Recession is to link it with the recession of 1970s.
The Founders and Finance: How Hamilton, Gallatin, and Other Immigrants Forged a New Economy | Thomas McCraw
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The United States government started out on a shoestring and almost immediately went bankrupt. To fight its war of Independence from Britain, it borrowed from banks in Holland and wheedled large sums from France, Britain’s great rival...
Moral Behavior, Trust, and Markets | James Halteman and Edd Noell
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
When Adam Smith promoted a market economy in the mid 18th century it was in the context of a moral theory that depended upon personal interaction. In those days the interests of small business entrepreneurs were best served by quality products and service for their customers who rewarded them with repeat business. In many areas of the market today the same strategy applies, but technology, shipping speed and the globalization of markets are testing the interpersonal foundation of trust upon which markets must depend...
The Culture of Dishonesty and the Importance of Moral Behavior in Economy | Tamar Frankel
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
What is so important about morality, especially in economics? And why is a culture of honesty crucial to the well-being of society?
Faith and Reason or Expressing Faith and Being Reasonable | Robert Wuthnow
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Criticisms arguing that religion is irrational have been voiced in recent years by writers such as Richard Dawkins, Daniel Dennett, Christopher Hitchens, and Sam Harris. How is it possible, they ask, for so many people who otherwise claim to be reasonable to be religious? How indeed?
Liu An's Art of War | Andrew Seth Meyer
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
During the first century of the Han Dynasty (206 B.C.E.-220 C.E.), an imperial prince, Liu An (d. 122 B.C.E.), gathered together a group of scholars at his court in Huainan, in modern-day Anhui Province . He oversaw a large literary enterprise that produced numerous writings, one of which survives intact: the Huainanzi or Master of Huainan...
Red Summer: The Mountain Pine Beetle Epidemic | Bernard Quetchenbach
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
It's been a splendid July day in Yellowstone. Cara and I have hiked through a blaze of wildflowers...
Alain Badiou's 'In Praise of Love' | Rodney Dubey
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Badiou's new definition of love, which is at the heart of his new book 'In Praise of Love', sounds like something very old, although stated in a novel way...
The Rise and Decline of a Ponzi: "On Chasing Madoff" | David Levy
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
David Levy on Jeff Prosserman's film 'Chasing Madoff'
The Car Culture in America | Leigh Donaldson
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
One of my most enduring childhood memories is when my father brought home a battery-operated car dashboard panel designed to simulate the experience of driving...
Parable of the Seawall | Mathias B. Freese
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
An excerpt from 'This Mobius Strip of Ifs' by Mathias B. Freese
Russian Business Culture | David A.Dyker
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Why Is Russia So Different?
Québec 2012: Electorate In An Ice Cream Parlour
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Marcel Martel: It was not a pro PQ vote. We know that more or less 69 percent of the population voted for a party other than the Liberals. I can't name a single political commentator who was not surprised by the outcome. I did not buy the argument that the Liberals would be destroyed. However, I was quite surprised that they managed to elect fifty members...
How a Religious Revolution Secularized Society | Brad S. Gregory
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Brad S. Gregory on his book 'The Unintended Reformation'
Why Religion is Natural and Science Is Not | Robert N. McCauley
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Suggesting that natural science is unnatural and that religion, which traffics in the supernatural, is natural seems to turn things upside down. Sorting out these paradoxes, though, will offer insight about both enterprises...
Why We Demean, Enslave, and Exterminate Others | By David Livingstone Smith
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
'Less Than Human' is a book about dehumanization. It is widely recognized that dehumanization plays an important role facilitating acts of violence in genocide, war, and other forms of atrocity. Given this it is surprising to learn that scant attention has been paid to it in the scholarly literature. Scholarly literature on dehumanization is shockingly thin on the ground...
U.S. Mexico Cross-Border Murders | Lawrence Weiner
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Many Americans view Mexico as a nation of unrelenting bloodshed, where decapitated heads are rolled into nightclubs and mutilated corpses show up overnight on the roadside. Since 2006, when the government began its war on drug traffickers, more than 60,000 people have been killed. But Mexicans see their northern neighbor as awash in violence, too...
Keynes and Hayek | T.S.Tsonchev
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Today, the world faces another big economic challenge. The works and legacy of both Keynes and Hayek are explored once again, and once again we are not sure who of them gives us the right answer. Should we spend, as Keynes advised, since spending has brought us to the edge of financial collapse, or should we leave the economy to heal itself naturally, as Hayek believed, since deregulation caused the bankruptcy of the financial system?
Getting a story published in The New Yorker? | David B. Comfort
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
What does it take to get into the New Yorker and what are the odds?
The Power of Proconsuls in Rome and America | Carnes Lord
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
In his book 'Proconsuls: Delegated Political-Military Leadership from Rome to America Today' Carnes Lord argues that the old Roman imperial institution of proconsulship is still useful for America, but only if it is applied according the realities of the day.
The Elizabethans | Malcolm Forbes
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Malcolm Forbes on A.N.Wilson's book "The Elizabethans"
Father John Misty | A conversation with Josh Tillman
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Matt Domino speaks with Josh Tillman (Father John Misty)
In Aleppo | David Levy
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
David Levy speaks with Sakhr Al-Makhadhi
Walls | Marcello Di Cintio
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
In December 1999, hot with millennial fever and desperate to be somewhere 'important' when the clock turned on 2000, I traveled to Jerusalem. On Christmas Eve during that trip, I walked from Jerusalem to Bethlehem. The journey was far less biblically-epic than it sounds...
Losses | Robert Wexelblatt
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
An excerpt from Robert Wexelblatt's new book 'Losses'
Oscar Wilde Christianity | Simon Critchley
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The infinite ethical demand allows us to become the subjects of which we are capable by dividing us from ourselves, by forcing us to live in accordance with an asymmetrical and unfulfillable demand, say the demand to be Christlike, while knowing that we are all too human. Although we can be free of the limiting externalism of conventional morality, established law, and the metaphysics of traditional religion, it seems that we will never be free of that 'sordid necessity of living for others.' The latter requires an experience of faith, a faith of the faithless that is an openness to love, love as giving what one does not have and receiving that over which one has no power.
Sin in history and Christianity | Paula Fredriksen
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The idea of ‘sin’ suits its times, argues Paula Fredriksen in her new book ‘Sin: The Early History of an Idea’.
Reasoning and Conversation | Anthony Simon Laden
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Anthony Simon Laden on his book 'Reasoning: A Social Picture'
Animals and the Human Imagination | Linda Simon
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The greatest breach in nature, philosopher William James wrote in 1890, 'is the breach from one mind to another...'
American Utopia and Social Engineering | David Livingstone Smith
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Review of Peter Swirski's 'American Utopia and Social Engineering in Literature, Social Thought, and Political History'
Human Hierarchies | Melvyn L. Fein
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
If human societies are to be modified in directions more people find fulfilling, this can only occur if the nature of human hierarchies is acknowledged and understood. This search is a worthy endeavor to which the social sciences ought apply themselves without committing to a preferred moral outcome...
Karl Marx | Paul Thomas
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
It is no doubt easier to imagine a world without Marx than a world without revolution, capitalism, communism and socialism. But in the world we actually inhabit, these still have to be seen through Marx...
Addicted to Profit | Stuart Sim
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
It is one thing to strive to make a profit out of your skills and talents, something else entirely to indulge in profiteering or to assume that absolutely every area of your life must yield a financial profit...
Carpe Something | Michael Milburn
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Three poems from Michael Milburn's new book 'Carpe Something'
The Zionist Entity and the Occupation | David Levy
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
In August 1967, soon after the Six Day War, the Arab League met in Khartoum, three nos the response to Israel's offer to trade land for peace: no negotiations, no recognition, no peace...
Novel of Consciousness and the World System | Jenny Morse
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The contemporary novel has many tools available to it in order to construct its work. Novels are meant to create their own plausible and realistic worlds wherein events take place and characters develop. These stories are told from many perspectives, the third-person narrator perhaps still the most popular. However, the most intimate means of engagement in the novel might be the novel of consciousness, which narrates from within the protagonist's mind.
Conquest in Space: Dreaming about Mars | Binoy Kampmark
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
With NASA's latest efforts on Mars with the Curiosity rover, humanity is now bracing itself for the hope of finding life past, present or future, on a distant plant. Much of this is drivel, suggesting a continued obsession of humankind's 'inner child' ('We discover ourselves through discovering others') but the prospects are intriguing. Colonising Mars will enable us to export rapacity and problems and possibly unearth a few scientific gems on the way...
Spectres of Derrida | Richard Kreitner
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Occupy Wall Street and the Politics of Deconstruction
North Korea's Natural Resources
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Paradoxically, the promise of Kim Jong-Il might soon come true and North Korea may become a 'rich and prosperous state' – rich in natural resources and empowered by nuclear technologies.
Prepurposed Churches in Montreal | Mark Lavorato
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Photo Essay
Macy Gray
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
An Interview With Grammy-Award winning singer-songwriter, Macy Gray.
The Chinese Growth Model Before and After the Financial Crisis | Nicholas Lardy
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
There is a growing risk that China's economic growth could slow substantially in the medium term.  This would not be the so-called hard landing, which implies a near term sharp slowdown followed by a v-shaped recovery, but rather a prolonged period of slow growth perhaps something around 4 percent, the onset of which might be within two to three years...
Does Imperialism Have a Future? | Leo Blanken
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
'Imperialism' is an evocative word. It summons images of grim Roman legions marching through German forests, Maxim machine guns cutting down hordes of Dervishes at Omdurman, or scenes of torture from the classic French film 'Battle of Algiers.' These images share two attributes: they are noxious and they are historical – as Tennyson might describe them, 'portions and parcels of the dreadful past.' But is this, indeed, the case?
Moscow Supports Kim Jong-un | Leonid Petrov
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
This year Russia experienced the return of the Kremlin veteran, Vladimir Putin, to the presidential seat. Although he is associated with political reaction and is concerned by the prospect of 'colour revolutions' at home, Russia is desperately running out of friends on the international stage...Belarus, Iran, the countries of Shanghai Cooperation Organization, and now North Korea, have all received special treatment from the increasingly anti-Western Russia
The Copernican Question | Robert S. Westman
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
In 1543, Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543) publicly defended the hypothesis that the earth is a planet and the sun a body resting near the center of a finite universe. But why did Copernicus make this bold proposal? And why did it matter?
The Origins of Morality | Dennis L. Krebs
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Many people, laypeople and scholars alike, assume that the kinds of dispositions that inevitably prevail in the process of biological evolution must be selfish and immoral, rendering humans and other animals bad by nature... However, this idea is misguided because there are significant differences between selfish genes and selfish individuals.
Learning in the Franciscan Order | Neslihan Senocak
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
In his Discourse on the 'Origins of Social Inequality,' Jean Jacques Rousseau identified private property, money and inheritance laws as the chief factors in the creation and maintenance of social inequality in European civilization. But his wisdom was incomplete. He would have benefited from reading the second 'Life of Francis of Assisi', written by Thomas of Celano in 1246...
On Courage | Richard Avramenko
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Courage, I suggest, is the willingness to risk life and limb for the sake of something. In other words, courage reveals what we care about...
The Murder of the Rosenbergs | David Levy
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
David Levy on the Rosenbergs and Walter Schneir's 'Final Verdict: What Really Happened in the Rosenberg Case'
Oktoberfest: A “Stammtisch” Of Thousands | Steven Hill
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The German language has a word, 'Stammtisch,' that really has no English equivalent. The closest translation is something like 'a table reserved for regulars' or 'regular get-together.'
The Wen, the Olympics and the Baron
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
It all seemed incurably stained to begin with, though it began as an experiment made for moulding the human character. When looking at the record of the Olympics, a negative image emerges...
Dividing day at the Grand-Hotel du Cap-Ferrat | Loren Stephens
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Norman, my soon to be ex-husband, and I were sitting at opposite ends of the sofa like two prize fighters before a match...
Starbucks in the University Library | Cooper Sy
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Short story by Cooper Sy
Comprehending Kings | Lee Matthew Goldberg
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Short story by Lee Matthew Goldberg
How Hsi-wei Became a Vagabond | Robert Wexelblatt
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Short story by Robert Wexelblatt
Privatising Passports | Anton Baer
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
A few years ago I flew back to Canada after many years in Europe. At Vancouver customs I noticed that the crowds were almost entirely Asian, and they all held out passports just like mine: dark blue, with elegant gold lettering that spelled out CANADA...
Horror and the Essential Conquest of Fear | Lindsey Walker
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
When I watch horror today, I come to the films with a new set of experiences and from a different place than I did as a kid. When I watch Pet Sematary for the tenth time, it doesn't bother me that Gage gets put down at the end; that's his sleep, his release. What bothers me now are the adult fears, its representations of solitude, shame, and loss...
The Kentucky Derby | Brian Conlon
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
There is no place in the world like Churchill Downs on Derby Day. Yes, of course, strictly speaking, there is no place in the world just like any other on any given day...
What is Inequality and How it Was Created | Kent Flannery and Joyce Marcus
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
How did our ancestors convert the original level playing field to a stratified society?
A Satisfying Life | John Lachs
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The love affair of Western society with technology has reinforced its tendency to optimism. We believe that unhappiness is a curable condition and the application of intelligence will solve every problem...
Peace, Judaism, and Politics | Alick Isaacs
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The inspiration to write 'A Prophetic Peace' came from my experiences as a soldier in the Second Lebanon War fought between Israel and the Hezbollah in the summer of 2006...
A Liberal World Order in Crisis | Georg Sørensen
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Georg Sorensen on the 'Liberal World Order'
Corruption and Economic Growth in China | Andrew Wedeman
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The three-decade old Chinese economic 'miracle' apparently has a dark side, one which seems to contradict current economic orthodoxy which posits that rising corruption depresses growth rates and slows development...
Why We Hate Politics, But Love Democracy | Steven Bilakovics
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Steven Bilakovics: Democratic politics, the citizen's practice of arguing together, comes in turn to seem oddly out of place in democratic society.
Making Sense of the Republican American Presidential Primary | Stanley A. Renshon
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Stanley A. Renshon on the politics and policies of the United States
Serbia’s New President: A Nationalist, Yes, but a Democrat Too | Mladen Joksic and Marlene Spoerri
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Serbia is headed down the drain-again. Or so the analysts would have you believe. The surprising defeat of Serbia's Western-oriented, pro-reformist President Boris Tadic (47.31%), by the former arch nationalist, Tomislav Nikolic (49.54%) in the presidential elections held on May 20, set forth the predictable tsunami of doom and gloom scenarios...
Power Rules: How Common Sense Can Rescue American Foreign Policy
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Leslie Gelb: Foreign policy is commonsense, not rocket science.
The Soul of Achilles | Michael Davis
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Excerpted from 'The Souls of the Greeks: An Inquiry' by Michael Davis
On the Importance of the Ottoman Straits | Sean McMeekin
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The Russian Origins of the First World War
What Happened in Warsaw | David Levy
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
On Moshe Arens's 'Flags Over the Warsaw Ghetto'
Relativism, Perspectivism and Citizen Kane | Daniel Shaw
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Excerpt from 'Morality and the Movies: Reading Ethics Through Film'
Cranach, Luther, and the Protestant Reformation | Steven Ozment
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Cranach, after God, became Luther's 'senior adviser' in the unfolding of the Protestant Reformation...
Remembering Paul Simon’s Graceland | Binoy Kampmark
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
It was an album that spawned theses in paper churning departments. It infuriated, puzzled and confused...
The Wizard of Oz Remains a Symbol Of Social Progress | Leigh Donaldson
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Today, Oz is known by practically everyone in the world, but only a rare person is familiar with the artists who wrote its great songs...
Pale Horse, Pale Rider: The Selected Stories of Katherine Anne Porter
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Malcolm Forbes on Katherine Anne Porter's work
Starbucks in the University Library | Cooper Sy
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Short story by Cooper Sy
Power Shifts in the 21st Century | Joseph S. Nye, Jr.
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Foreign and domestic policy become difficult to disentangle. Contrary to the current conventional wisdom about the advantages of authoritarian states, American soft power and its open society may actually give the country new power advantages in the twenty-first century.
Tocqueville’s Democracy in America | Leo Damrosch
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Alexis de Tocqueville is often quoted as a sort of Olympian oracle, lofty and impersonal...
Leo Strauss's Political Philosophy and Its Legacy | Paul Gottfried
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
German Jewish refugee Leo Strauss (1899-1973) exercised as much influence on his discipline and on American society as any other political thinker in the second half of the twentieth century...
Isaiah Berlin on Soviet Culture | Strobe Talbott
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Isaiah Berlin believed that ideas matter, not just as products of the intellect but as producers of systems, guides to overnance, shapers of policy, inspirations of culture and engines of history...
Isaiah Berlin's Essays on Soviet Culture | Henry Hardy
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Henry Hardy's introduction to the Isiah Berlins's essays on the culture in Soviet Union
Troubled Times: Responses from the Ecological Left | Andrew Gibson
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
A review of 'Filthy Lucre: Economics for People Who Hate Capitalism' and 'Plenitude: The Economics of True Wealth'
The compatibility of science and religion | Robert J Asher
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Many scientists are religious, and consider their beliefs to be entirely rational...
In Praise of Reason | Michael P. Lynch
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Imagine that a mysteriously powerful scientist offers you choice between two doors...
Guilt | Katherine Mansfield's 'The Garden Party'
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
In a paper I wrote on Katherine Mansfield's 'The Garden Party,' I think in the late-nineties, I started by presenting, in brief, the following facts and numbers...
Female Empowerment in Uganda | Kevin O'Donovan
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Coaching female empowerment to the field in the aftermath of Joseph Kony
Walking and Bicycling to Health | Steven Hill
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
During a recent trip across western Europe by train, my frequent companions were the many strangers, visible outside my train window, who could be seen traversing a vast network of bike paths and walking trails that crisscross the cities and countryside. Europeans of all ages, including seniors, can be seen pedaling from home to town and back again with their daily bread in their handlebar baskets...
O Marieville: A Mosaic of Montreal's Past and Present
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
David Levy on Montreal's past and present
On Robert Byron's "'The Station" | John M. Edwards
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Robert Byron’s 'The Road to Oxiana' was a smashing success, but was his other great book on The Great Game, the severely neglected 'lost' classic 'The Station,' in some ways even better?
Miss America Fates and Fortunes
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The fates and the fortunes of Miss America winners from 1921 to 2012. Painting: 'Reclamation' by Brat Kunkle
Mad Men: Dark Shadows
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Matt Domino's Mad Men Reviews
Opportunity Cost | Kelly Stanton
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Short story by Kelly Fordon.
The Complex Systems | Decoding the organizing principles of economy
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
It sounds paradoxical, but today it appears that we understand more about the universe than our society...
The Sources of Stable Peace | Charles A. Kupchan
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The role of diplomacy in international relations
Totalitarianism and Political Religion | A. James Gregor
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
In his Essays Moral, Literary, and Political, David Hume argued that it is not possible for a competitive political party to "support itself without a philosophical or speculative system of principles annexed to its political or practical one..."
Barack Obama's personality: A psychological analysis | Stanley A. Renshon
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Stanley A. Renshon’s psychological portrait of the President Barack Obama and the sources of his policy of redemption.
The origins and future of war | Jack S. Levy and William R. Thompson
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
On the origins, escalation and future of war.
Jared Loughner and American Violence | Zach Dorfman
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
On the night of January 7th, 2011, Jared Lee Loughner, twenty-two, checked into a Motel 6 in Tucson, Arizona. He then dropped off a roll of film containing pictures of himself in a red g-string, a gun to his bare ass. Loughner retrieved these photos that same night...
English: The Last Lingua Franca? | Nicholas Ostler
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The End of English as World Language?
The Brain and the Meaning of Life | Paul Thagard
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
An optimistic theory of natural mind
The French celebrate… Americans? | Steven Hill
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Are the French really so anti-American?
French Intellectuals, the Cultural Revolution, and the Legacy of the 1960s | Richard Wolin
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Richard Wolin on his book The Wind from the East
The EU, European Identity, and the Future of Europe | Neil Fligstein
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Neil Fligstein on the future of European political integration.
Puritans, Pilgrims, and a City on a Hill | Michael P. Winship
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Michael P. Winship on the sources of American republicanism.
A Reportage from Post-Soviet Russia | David Levy
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
David Levy's reportages from post-communist Russia
Post-Soviet Russia: Chechens, KGB, Khodorkovsky... | David Levy
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
David Levy's reportages from post-communist Russia
Lyonel Feininger: From Manhattan to the Bauhaus | Patrick Kennedy
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
For an exhibition like Lyonel Feininger: From Manhattan to the Bauhaus, the greatest danger isn't incoherence, or sprawl, or over-ambition. It's that everything might cohere a little too methodically. In this eighty or so years of artistic activity--an eighty years that included forays into painting, cartooning, photography, musical composition, and toy design--Feininger displayed a versatility and adaptability that even the most involved showcase might not effectively capture...
Mad Men: Signal 30 | Matt Domino
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Matt Domino's Mad Men Reviews - Episode 4
Beverly Akerman on The Meaning Of Children and the writing life
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
I'd always thought I'd be a writer some day...
Mark Lavorato on Believing Cedric
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
As individuals, we make up our own abridged histories. When at a pub or a dinner party, we have a kind of condensed bio that we like to spout off when meeting new people, a single sentence we utter in order to quickly and efficiently convey our story...
The Church in Montreal Today | Mark Lavorato
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
50 years after the Quiet Revolution. Photo Essays by Mark Lavorato
Why Nations Fail | Daron Acemoglu and James A. Robinson
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
If you start in the city center of Nogales Santa Cruz and walk south for a while, at some point you see houses become much more run down, streets turn decrepit. You have crossed the Mexican border into Nogales, Sonora. Though the two cities are made of the same cloth and were once united, now there are sharp differences between the two...
Ideologies and International Relations | Mark L. Haas
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Ideologies consistently had major effects on leaders' core international perceptions and policies. Most importantly, ideologies went a long way toward determining leaders' understandings of which states were likely to threaten and which states were likely to support their core domestic and international interests. Ideologies, in short, to a great extent determined leaders' perceptions of likely enemies and allies...
The Gulf Regional System and the Arab Spring | F. Gregory Gause, III
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The eyes of the world have rightly been focused since the beginning of 2011 on the popular upheavals in the Arab world. Leaders have been deposed in three Arab countries, very possibly in a fourth (Yemen, where President Ali Abdallah Saleh has resigned but remains in the country) and Bashar al-Asad hangs on against the most serious challenge to his family's rule since it began in 1970...
Globalization, Democracy and World Economy | by Dani Rodrik
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The world has seen globalization collapse once already. The gold standard era–with its free trade and free capital mobility–came to an abrupt end in 1914 and could not be resuscitated after World War I. Could we witness a similar global economic breakdown in the years to come?...
The Capitalist Dynamics and Progress | Joyce Appleby
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Where the Capitalist Dynamic has Brought Us...
The Future of the Left | James Cronin
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
When the “great recession” hit in September, 2008, it seemed that an era had ended. Since the 1980s, if not before, a pro-market consensus had governed economic policy-making and constrained political options in the advanced countries. For three decades serious politics had been about relying upon markets rather than the state to generate growth and, to that end, extending the reach and remit of market forces...
On Re-Forming Capitalism | Wolfgang Streeck
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
My book recounts the transformation of the German political economy after the end of the postwar growth period in the 1970s...
The Political Collapse That Preceded the Economic Collapse | Steven Hill
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Excerpt from the Introduction to "10 Steps to Repair American Democracy: A More Perfect Union, 2012 Election Edition" by Steven Hill
Lincoln and Christian Politics | Grant N. Havers
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Every Lincoln scholar is familiar with the perhaps apocryphal story told by Henry Champion Deming, a member of the Connecticut Congress, about the president's understanding of Christianity...
Les Nouveaux Cavaliers de l'Apocalypse | Jean-Pierre Filiu
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Depuis que Mahmoud Ahmadinejad a été élu président de la République islamique d'Iran, en juin 2005, ses provocations fort peu diplomatiques ont défrayé la chronique internationale. Sa volonté d'effacer Israël de la carte du monde ou son encouragement au programme nucléaire ont nourri les angoisses légitimes et les spéculations stratégiques...
The Korean War and American Policy in East Asia | Bruce Cumings
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Bruce Cumings on his books "The Korean War: A History" and "Dominion from Sea to Sea: Pacific Ascendancy and American Power"
Soviet Espionage in Canada, the Fred Rose Affair | David Levy
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
In the summer of 1943 Fred Rose, a candidate for the Labour Progressive Party, a communist party alias, was elected to the Canadian parliament in a by election in the federal constituency of Cartier, back then a working class district in the heart of Montreal...
Russia’s presidential election: Democracy, tradition and history | Hamid Elyassi
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Russia's 2012 presidential election follows the controversial parliamentary poll in December last year which resulted in the declared victory of the ruling United Russia party, albeit with a reduced majority. The December election was notable not for its largely predictable outcome, but for the eruption of the mini Arab-Spring style protest against alleged vote rigging and the reactions that followed...
The Canadian Pivot to China? | Kevin Blachford
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Ever since Goldman Sach's coined the term BRICS to describe the rising economic power of Brazil, Russia, India and China, it has been clear that the twenty-first century will see a radical redistribution of power from the West to the rest of the world, who are not only catching up in terms of development, but may well soon overtake the West...
Reason and Experience in the Age of Descartes | Christopher Braider
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Christopher Braider: "The Matter of Mind: Reason and Experience in the Age of Descartes" challenges the universal presumption that the decisive turning point in early modern Western literary and intellectual culture was what Richard Rorty has called the dualist ‘invention of the mind.' ...
Red Road as an Experience of the Sense of Cinema | Beste Alpay
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Red Road is a movie which uses visuality to create the sensation of touch and most of the time leads the viewer to associate the visual material with sensations of the “haptic”...
Kollontai Fashion Collection | Gabrielle Tousignant
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Interview with fashion designer Gabrielle Tousignant
Street Photography by Mark Lavorato
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Photography
North Korea's Totalitarian Succession | by Bruce Cumings
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
When Kim Jong Il died on December 17th, I was lucky to be in Singapore. That way I could watch from a salutary distance the froth and drivel that passed for expert American commentary: How can his callow son expect to grapple with octogenarian leaders in the powerful military—won't there be a coup?
China, the United States, and Power Balancing in East Asia | Steve Chan
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Steve Chan: If balance-of-power theory is correct, one should see China's neighbors and other major powers reacting to its rise in the manner predicted. They have not so far, thus presenting an enigma to realism.
Casualties of Credit | Carl Wennerlind
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
In 1696, Sir Isaac Newton left Cambridge for London, putting his scientific and alchemical pursuits temporarily on hold to assume the position of Warden of the Royal Mint. His main responsibility was to investigate and prosecute crimes against the English currency...
How Intelligence Happens | John Duncan
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Perhaps humanity is overly narcissistic, but few problems are so fascinating to us as our own, complex and intelligent minds. For over a century, debates have raged over so-called intelligence tests, used in schools, in armies, and in the offices of clinical psychologists—what do such tests mean? what do they miss? can a single score capture any of the richness of human nature and talent?...
Cultural Evolution | Alex Mesoudi
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Charles Darwin is rightly celebrated for providing, in The Origin of Species, the first workable scientific theory to explain the stunning diversity and complexity of life on earth...
Worldmodels | Uriah Kriegel
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
‘The aim of philosophy,' the great American philosopher Wilfred Sellars once wrote, ‘is to understand how things in the broadest possible sense of the term hang together in the broadest possible sense of the term.'...
A Regional Christ: the Folk Saint Gaucho Gil | Eric Maroney
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
All over Argentina, his small shrines can be found along roadsides. They are often ramshackle, little more than a crate containing a statue. Sometimes they are painted red or festooned with red ribbons and cloth...
Betty Shamieh | An Interview
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Betty Shamieh: Being connected to two cultures, particularly two cultures that are sometimes at war, gives one insight into what is common about all human beings...
How and Why I Wrote "YOU comma Idiot" | Doug Harris
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
"I wrote a book for myself to read. One I would be sure to finish. Now what's left to be seen is whether others feel the same way."
Keith Miller's "Welcome to Pine Hill" | by Lorry Ruppard
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Interview with Keith Miller
DUY Collection | Interview with fashion designer Duy Nguyen
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Interview with Montreal's fashion designer Duy Nguyen
Jack's Room | Michael Milburn
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
My three brothers, eighteen, sixteen, and fourteen years my senior, lived away from home for most of my childhood. Our interaction was limited to their week-end visits to our parents' house, or the occasional longer stay when they would reoccupy their rooms during intervals between schools or apartments...
In Wonderland | Bernard Quetchenbach
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
In 1991, I left graduate school to take a position teaching in the English department at Northwest College in Powell, Wyoming, a small agricultural town in the Bighorn Basin east of Yellowstone National Park...
"I’ll find you a wheelbarrow" | Alan Gratias
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Camp Nominingue is a residential wilderness camp in the Laurentians, four hours north of Montreal. Founded in 1925 by the Van Wagner family, and set on 400 acres on the shores of Lac Nominingue, the summer camp is based on the belief that the self-esteem of young boys grows the longer they live in tents and go on canoe trips...
The Herb: Selected Poems by Aisa Alyasiri | by Salih J. Altoma
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
A rare, if not unique, pastoral voice in contemporary Iraqi Arabic poetry, Aisa Alyasiri (residing currently in Canada) was born in 1942 in a village near the city of Amarah in southern Iraq...
Poetry | Steven Mayoff
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Poetry by Steven Mayoff
From the archives: Is America the New Rome? | T.S.Tsonchev
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
On he similarities between the rise of the American state and power and the upsurge of Roman Republic
Phoebe and Edgar in the Garden of America | Anna Kaehler
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
There's an elderberry tree between my house and Edgar's house, in the wash filled with desert grass...
An Arts Student’s Manifesto | Lucy Cameron
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
My friends and classmates: You may ask yourselves why I have gathered you here today. It has not been long since we last convened; indeed we met only yesterday on the sixteenth of November, a day in many ways like any other...
The Couple | Robin Tung
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
There was always a feeling of surprise, even after six months, at the diminutive size of the office...
A Swim | Matt Domino
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The wedding was over, so Nick and Stephen decided to stop at the ravine. Nick had heard about it while he was working on a house outside of Waterbury...
The Character of Russia | David Satter
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
For centuries, the Russian traveler, crossing the border, felt an inexplicable lightness, as if an unseen burden had been lifted from his shoulders...
The Myth of Putin the State Builder | Brian D. Taylor:
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Politics have returned to Russia, with a vengeance. The contested December 2011 parliamentary elections, which were supposed to be an inconsequential stepping stone on Vladimir Putin's triumphant return to the presidency and the Kremlin, instead gave birth to a serious challenge to the ruling regime...
Russian Politics Today | Richard Sakwa
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Few of the modernisation tasks facing Vladimir Putin when he came to power in 2000 have been resolved. Indeed, many of the challenges facing the country after Stalin's death in 1953 still remain on the agenda...
Lars T. Lih on "Soviet Fates and Lost Alternatives"
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
"Truth in reviewing: Steve Cohen was my teacher in graduate school at Princeton and has remained a friend ever since. I don't think, however, that this is the reason I mostly agree with his version of events. I may disagree with this or that interpretation of particular events, but overall this is one of the first books I would put into the hands of someone who wanted to get a good sense of what the Soviet Union was all about."
Arab Spring, Islam and Democracy | Hamid Elyassi
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The ongoing process of revolutionary change in the Middle East and North Africa may not have spent all its potential force yet, but even this far, it has altered the world attitude to the region and its political folk culture. In particular, the outcome of the uprisings in Tunisia, Egypt and Libya seem to have dented the claim that the popular alternative to regional dictatorships has to be Islamic fundamentalist regimes bent on suicide bombing the West and depriving the indigenous intelligentsia of the few personal freedoms they enjoy. The notion, still a favourite line of defence of some of the remaining regional dictators, is in fact a relatively recent invention of Islamic extremists who contend that “true Islam” is inherently incompatible with democratic values and institutions...
Alaa Al Aswany’s On the State of Egypt, a Year After the Revolution | Maurice Chammah
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
I first saw Alaa Al Aswany's On the State of Egypt sitting in a bookstore in the U.S. in July 2011. The ‘revolution,' as we were still calling it—‘uprisings' is the more popular term now —was only six months old...
Winter Postcards from the Kazakh steppe | David Mould
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
TKazakhstan's capital Astana is renowned for its futuristic and eclectic (or ostentatious and jumbled, depending on one's aesthetic) architecture. It also has a more dubious distinction: it's the second coldest capital city in the world. Other cities in northern Kazakhstan are just as chilly. With temperatures often below minus 30 Celsius, David Mould, who teaches media studies at Ohio University, had plenty of time to reflect on the coldest winter of his life during his Fulbright Fellowship in Kazakhstan...
Central Asia Frequent Flyer | David Mould
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
When the Soviet Union broke up 20 years ago, its national airline Aeroflot suffered the same fate. From Baku to Bishkek, Tallinn to Tashkent, the governments of cash-strapped new republics seized the aircraft sitting on the tarmac, repainted them in the new national colors and hoped they could round up enough spare parts to keep them flying...
The Science of Empathy and How We Connect with Others | Marco Iacoboni
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Imagine you are out and about, perhaps doing some shopping, or planning an evening at the movies with friends. Lots of people are around you, coming and going, all busy with their own plans. You look at them, they look at you. Where do you think they are looking, when they look at you?..
Choice and the Free Market | by Kent Greenfield
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
We may be quite aware of various ways we are constrained in life–biology, social norms, authority–but one area we are told embodies robust, unlimited choice is the free market...
The Promise of Thrift | Joshua J. Yates
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Until recently, the word "thrift" had largely disappeared from the active vocabulary of most Americans. Like chastity and temperance, thrift was well on its way to becoming a virtue relic of a bygone era...
Marx and Alienation | Sean Sayers
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Alienation is a pervasive but puzzling feature of modern life. It is one of the few theoretical terms from Marxism that has entered into ordinary language...
States of War | David William Bates
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
States of War addresses one of the most pressing concerns of modern democratic states: how to reconcile the foundational drive to defend the nation with the principles of law and civic rights?..
Evolution and the Rational Mind | by Ronald de Sousa
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Humans, it has been said since Aristotle, are rational animals. Those who scoff at the phrase misunderstand it as contrasting with irrationality. But the proper contrast is with the non- rational, or arational. Inanimate objects are arational, because it makes no sense to tax them with irrationality. Humans are rational precisely because we are capable of irrationality...
The Evolution of Ethics | by Philip Kitcher
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Philip Kitcher: "We became fully human when we were able to find ways of inhibiting tendencies to socially disruptive action, ways of reinforcing our altruistic capacities..."
Rationality and Religious Commitment | Robert Audi
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Why should there be yet another book in the philosophy of religion, and why should I in particular write one? Rationality and Religious Commitment has grown from a great deal of my work on both these topics...
The Stoics and the Epicureans on Friendship, Sex, and Love | Richard Kreitner
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Ancient philosophy - especially after Aristotle - largely focused on how to achieve self-sufficiency on the one hand, and peace of mind on the other; it thus became fundamentally therapeutic, in nature and goal...
The Essay | John Pahle
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The essay is perhaps the most accessible and democratic of all forms of writing. All it requires is a thesis and a discussion; the rest is up to the authors to present creatively their ideas and arguments...
Russia’s parliamentary elections | M. Steven Fish
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Russia's parliamentary elections conform to well-established patterns of arbitrary exclusion of opposition candidates and intimidation and manipulation of opposition forces. Given the exclusion, cooptation, and intimidation of oppositionists in Russia, many people who might be inclined to compete for office in more open polities simply do not choose to do so in Russia. Thus, we cannot know for sure who would have contested these elections if Russia had a more open system...
Republican Presidential Candidates’ Iranimania | James DeFronzo
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
In U.S. presidential politics the “threat” of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's Iran has emerged as a potent political issue comparable to Saddam Hussein's Iraq and “weapons of mass destruction” (WMD ) in the period leading up to the invasion of Iraq in March 2003...
Iranian Politics: Superstition as Ideology | Ali Rahnema
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Ali Rahnema on his new book "Superstition as Ideology in Iranian Politics: From Majlesi to Ahmadinejad": "Majlesism as a religio-political ideology is based on two axial premises. First, that the human mind is defective and subsequently incapable of addressing and resolving everyday problems. Second, that in the absence of the common folk's ability to make correct and worthy decisions, society requires the leadership of a King and/or of a religious jurist with a connection to the hidden world..."
Photography and Jazz | Benjamin Cawthra
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The music came first, then the photographs. But what images they are: a sculptural Dexter Gordon bathed in cigarette smoke...
Michelangelo | by William E. Wallace
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Michelangelo Buonarroti is universally recognized to be among the greatest artists of all time...
The Gospel of Thomas and Christian Origins | André Gagné
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
André Gagné: "The Gospel of Thomas is not a “heretical” writing and should not be placed under the modern category of Gnosticism. Like the traditional New Testament writings, Thomas is also concerned with the reception and transmission of the words and teachings of Jesus..."
Gravity’s Ghost | Harry Collins
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
How do scientists decide they have discovered something? Gravity's Ghost is a detective story about a potential discovery called 'the Equinox Event'. At the same time, it's an investigation of the nature of science...
Capitalism and Crisis | James Fulcher
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
One way or another capitalism will continue on its crisis-prone way, the solution to one crisis begetting another. There is no final crisis and no final solution to crisis...
Max Frisch: One Hundred Years On | Malcolm Forbes
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
One hundred years ago Max Frisch was born in Zurich. He died twenty years ago in the same city. In between he got out and travelled widely, and in 1952 lived in the US and Mexico on a grant from the Rockefeller Foundation. His journeying shaped his writing, both novels and plays, providing exotic settings but also locales deliberately far removed from his birthplace...
Death | Todd May
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Each of us will die. Sooner or later, each of you reading this words, as well as I who write them, will be dead. This fact about us affects our lives perhaps more profoundly than any other fact about us...
Gustav Klimt: The Universe in a Kiss | by Stephanie Ann Harper
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
I have never seen a painting as tender and vibrant as Gustav Klimt's oil on canvas painting, “The Kiss.” To me, “The Kiss,” circa 1907-08, enacts a perfect transaction between two people with hearts so full of love that the world around them bursts in flamboyant, colorful life...
A Cooperative Species | Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Cooperation was prominent among the suite of behaviors that marked the emergence of behaviorally modern humans in Africa...
The Last Superstition | Edward Feser
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The central contention of the “New Atheism” of Richard Dawkins, Daniel Dennett, Sam Harris, and Christopher Hitchens is that there has for several centuries been a war between science and religion...
On Being Singular | Gerald L. Bruns
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Ceasing to be human is a fugitive event; it can't be captured by a single narrative or conceptual context. Perhaps the proper way to pursue the matter is by way of historical inquiries into the forms and occasions of its appearance...
Portraits and Persons | Cynthia Freeland
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
As a philosopher I ask different questions about portraits than art historians...
New York, Film, and the Reconception of the World | Stanley Corkin
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
I began researching Starring New York before I finished my prior book, Cowboys as Cold Warriors. In that book I considered a group of film westerns in their relationships to U. S. Cold War culture and politics from the late 1940s to the early 1960s. As I developed that project, I saw how those narratives...
E.P. Taylor and How Monopoly Took Over a Sport | Rodney Dubey
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The summer of 2011 marked 20 years since Dance Smartly, a magnificent Canadian 3-yr-old filly, cake-walked down the home stretch of Woodbine racetrack in Toronto...
The Last Lion | B. Newmark
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Short story by B. Newmark
Guelph in the Afternoon | Anton Baer
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
To tell the truth. To remain within nodding distance of the facts, which run away from you effortlessly. To drive after them living people, who are much more unwilling and in the end disappointing than imaginary ones, who can show up anywhere, adopt any pose, pull off speeches of shattering brevity, and do not lie to you...
The First Heart Heartbreak | Catherine Uroff
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
My mother had her favorites: dark chocolate, lightly salted cashews, Joyce Carol Oates, Neil Diamond, silver jewelry, Shalimar perfume, black coffee, red wine, the Chicago Cubs...
Poetry | Lauren Nicole Nixon
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Poetry by L.N.Nixon
Borges and Calvino Race for Blood Sausage | David Butler
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
On a hot summer day in 1967, the blind and infirm Jorge Luis Borges challenged his healthier and much younger protégé, Italo Calvino...
I was 16… | Sean Christopher Lewis
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
I was 16 in 1994. I remember I had a crush on a girl at my high school named Stacy...
Poets’ Corner | Louise Carson
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
First let me tell you what I'm not referring to. I'm not referring to that section of the South Transept of Westminster Abbey where poets, playwrights and writers from Chaucer to Hughes are buried or commemorated under plaques or white marble busts...
Giant corporations: a problem of democracy | Colin Crouch
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The viability of western democracy is now being put to a severe test: can the economic crisis be tackled in a way that recognizes the situation of the great majority of the population, or must the interests of the banks who caused the crisis in the first place through their irresponsible use of secondary markets always be privileged?...
Why People Become Poor and How They Escape Poverty | Anirudh Krishna
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Is it possible to prevent or forestall poverty?
The Institutional Revolution | Douglas W. Allen
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Book review
Iraqi Communism Before Saddam | Johan Franzén
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
To many people hearing the phrase Middle East politics, and in particular Iraqi politics, conjures up images of sectarian strife, tribal and clan loyalties, and persecution of ethnic minorities...
Tunisia’s Success Heralds a Testing Time for Egypt | Gillian Kennedy
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Tunisians made history on October 23rd this year by taking part in the regions first free and fair elections that were held in the backdrop of the Arab Spring...
Inner Rhythm | Michael Burns
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Gabriel Hunt filched one of the stuffed grape leaves his wife, Caroline, had made for the dinner-dance tonight...
The Stranger in the Snow | Nels Hanson
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
After Jodie Johnston left Nevada with Johnny on his bus, she called from hotels the mornings after shows, excited and eager to report...
The Inuit Art of Ruben Anton Komangapik
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
“When I'm lost in my art – I'm at home,” says Ruben Anton Komangapik, contemporary Inuit artist...
Art and Process with Noa Kaplan | Robin Tung
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Robin Tung interview with the media artist and designer Noa Kaplan
Coco Chanel Biography
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Even people with little interest in high fashion know the name Chanel—a name synonymous with sophistication and glamour...
On Art for Art's Sake | R. Joseph Capet
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
'Art for art's sake' is a much misunderstood phrase. In the public imagination it is invariably the oriflamme of Decadents and Aesthetes...
Walter Benjamin's Arcades Project
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
A Review on Susan Buck Morss' “The Dialectics of Seeing: Walter Benjamin and the Arcades Project”
UN Peacekeeping Operations: Privatising the Peace | Julian Reid
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
For as long as humans have fought wars, there have been those willing to kill, and to risk their lives, for profit...
On Empathy and the Origins of Cruelty | Simon Baron-Cohen
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
When we try to explain acts of human cruelty, there is no scientific value in the term 'evil' but there is scientific value in using the term 'empathy erosion'...
Human Rights in History | Samuel Moyn
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The Last Utopia assesses how deeply rooted in history the notion of “international human rights” is...
Scientific Explanation | Michael Strevens
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Humanity's single greatest achievement is, perhaps, to understand something about the way that the world really works...
Libya: The Future of a Revolution | James DeFronzo
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Although revolutionary forces succeeded in capturing the main urban centers of Libya and killing Muammar Gaddafi, the ultimate outcome of the civil war is far from certain. Is conflict really at an end?
How News Photos Move the Public | Barbie Zelizer
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Death has long been seen as the ultimate equalizer, yet its depiction in the news takes shape across unequal parameters...
Poetry | William Lychack
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Poetry by William Lychack
Bashar al-Asad is not going to sign his own death warrant | Nikolaos van Dam
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Bashar al-Asad is not going to sign his own death warrant. A scenario of reconciliation South African style does not seem to be possible...
Dignity and Confict | Donna Hicks
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
While we all have a deep and abiding desire to be treated well and to be recognized as worthy, our lack of awareness and understanding of the many ways we routinely violate each other's dignity is wreaking havoc on our lives and our relationships...
The Model in the Mirror of Art | Wendy Steiner
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Any creation story is a story about models, for as King Lear reminds us, “Nothing can come of nothing..."
How economists are abusing the past | Francesco Boldizzoni
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Since the 1970s, economics has entered a phase of aggression toward the other social sciences that is defined by its own creators as “economic imperialism..."
What is Conservatism | Kieron O'Hara
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Defining conservatism is surprisingly hard...
Spinoza’s Theological-Political Treatise and the Birth of Secularism | Steven Nadler
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The Theological-Political Treatise was regarded by Spinoza's contemporaries as the most dangerous book ever published...
Psychology and Catholicism | Robert Kugelmann
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Relationships between sciences and religions are a thorny issue in our day...
The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism | Richard Swedberg
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism by Max Weber is one of the world's most famous studies in social science, competing for the first place with works such as Capital by Karl Marx and Democracy in America by Alexis de Tocqueville...
Merleau-Ponty and Proust: Travel and Habit | Richard Kreitner
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Travel and Habit in Merleau-Ponty and Proust
Why We See So Well | Lynne A. Isbell
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
How did we get to the point where we miss the smells that a dog experiences but we see the rest of life in fine, colorful detail and depth?...
We Can’t All Be Gods | William Farrant
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
When my best friend Nigel and I were fourteen we started a band. Neither of us played a musical instrument. So my father took promo photos for us instead...
Bobo | Kristen Brownell
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
My brother Bobby and I looked up from the Nintendo. Our parents had given us the new game console for Christmas, and we had been glued to the television set ever since...
The Crisis of Capitalist Democracy | Richard A. Posner
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
My book will soon be two years old. But I don't think it has dated. What has happened since it was published is more of the same: more depression, more federal deficit, more political stalemate, more retreat from stimulus, more doubts about the Administration's handling of the crisis...
Freedom and the Laws of Nature | Steven Horst
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
One of the central projects of philosophy since the seventeenth century has been the attempt to reconcile our self-image as human beings with the picture of the world emerging from the natural sciences...
On the Origin of Stories | Brian Boyd
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Why do we love fiction?
Boredom: a Year’s History | Peter Toohey
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Yes you do. There's nothing left to believe in anymore. All is fiction. Somehow, we have to invent our own reality...
de Kooning | by Richard Shiff
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Even as he became a celebrity in the world of art, Willem de Kooning took pride in remaining an ordinary man, living (he liked to say) as he had when he was unknown and poor...
On Art and War and Terror | Alex Danchev
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
‘Poetry makes nothing happen,' said the poet W. H. Auden. How wrong he was...
Dialogues between Faith and Reason | John H. Smith
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Dialogues tells a story about how we got to where we are and hopes that the very telling of that story will help create a way for readers themselves to engage in reasonable dialogues about matters of faith...
Mindreading Animals | Robert W. Lurz
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Anyone who has ever lived with a dog or a cat (or any other intelligent social animal) will attest to the occasional uncanny feeling that one's pet knows what one is thinking...
Frans Hals | Walter Liedtke
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
As the Metropolitan Museum's curator of Dutch and Flemish paintings for the past thirty-one years I know the collection's 230 Dutch pictures (those dating ca. 1600-1800) as well as I would if they were hanging in my own house...
Why I Write | James Robison
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
I'm lonely but I dislike the company of other people and this puts me in a Hellbox...
Taking Movies Seriously | Daniel Shaw
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Film and Philosophy: Taking Movies Seriously is a brief overview of the history of philosophizing about film, which begins with a survey of early film theorists that had a philosophical bent (like Munsterberg and Eisenstein) and with profiles of the two most significant writers in the field so far, Stanley Cavell and Noel Carroll...
The Blindness of the Heart | M. Forbes on Julia Franck
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Prologues and epilogues, so often skimmed and scanned, demand closer inspection if the novel they frame purports or has proven to offer a longer, worthier shelf-life than its run-of-the-mill rivals...
Our Buick Stopped Here | Lee Matthew Goldberg
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Short story by Lee Matthew Goldberg (September, 2011)
Absent Sunshine | Sharon Siegel
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Poetry by Sharon Siegel
Caleb | Andrew MacQuarrie
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Short story by Andrew MacQuarrie
Simon Perchik | Poetry
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Poems by Simon Perchik
Norway’s Terror: The reminiscence of an Osloite | Lise K. Haugen
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Mid-July in Oslo is generally a very quiet time, as much of the city's population leaves in order to embark on the summer holiday season...
Covered Bridges in the Quebec countryside | Ricky Kreitner
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The news stories that flooded front pages in the wake of Hurricane Irene late last month focused mostly on surging rivers, torn-up homes, downed trees, and the fate of New York City...
Braintrust: What Neuroscience Tells us about Morality | Patricia S. Churchland
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Self-preservation is embodied in our brain's circuitry: we seek food when hungry, warmth when cold, and sex when lusty...
On Intelligence | Michael Milburn
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Although I recognized the concept of intelligence from an early age, it wasn't until high school that I realized that being smart meant more than getting good grades, and that different people could be smart in different ways...
Alfred Stieglitz: A Legacy of Light | Katherine Hoffman
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
In Stieglitz: A Beginning Light, Katherine Hoffman focused on the early years of Alfred Stieglitz's (1864–1946) career and his European roots...
The Clash of Ideas in World Politics | John M. Owen
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The Arab Awakening – the chain of rebellions and revolutions that have rocked the Arab world since last December – has riveted the attention of people the world over...
Age of Fracture | Daniel T. Rodgers
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
In the midst of a heated political discussion, you may still hear it said that ideas don't matter...
Blind Spots | Max H. Bazerman and Ann E. Tenbrunsel
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
During the trying times that have followed the financial collapse of 2008, a long list of culprits has been blamed: homebuyers, mortgage lenders, bankers, Congress, and the Bush administration...
The welfare state and the rise of paternalism | Gilles Saint-Paul
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
We live in increasingly paternalistic societies; almost every day, somewhere in the developed world, a new law regulates what people can eat, drink, smoke, view, or read...
Kantian ethics or returning dignity to economics | Mark D. White
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
A Review of Kantian Ethics and Economics: Autonomy, Dignity, and Character...
The Invention of Market Freedom | Eric MacGilvray
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Through most of human history the word “freedom” has been used to distinguish the members of a social and political elite from those classes of people – women, slaves, serfs, menial laborers, and foreigners – who do not enjoy their privileges or share their ethos...
Toward a Buddhist Politics of Freedom | Zach Dorfman
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
There is a central teaching in certain schools of Mahayana Buddhist metaphysics that all phenomena are shunya , or empty of inherent existence...
Neither Beast Nor God | Gilbert Meilaender
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The dignity of the human person
The Politics of Inequality in Russia | Thomas F. Remington
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The Politics of Inequality in Russia is a study of the political processes underlieing the steady rise in inequality observed in Russia since the end of the Soviet regime...
Valdo goes to school | Alan Gratias
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
My father was an enigma to everyone, his three children not excepted. Perhaps even to himself...
Something Tolstoyan | Brian Conlon
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
There was a man who beat his children. His name was Hans Holder...
Darwin’s Conjecture | Geoffrey M. Hodgson and Thorbjørn Knudsen
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Social scientists have been wary of applying Darwin's ideas. In our book "Darwin's Conjecture: The Search for General Principles of Social and Economic Evolution" (published 2010 by the University of Chicago Press) we argue that these misgivings are ungrounded...
Human Dignity | George Kateb
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
My book is a defense of human dignity. I mean that it is a defense of the equal status of individuals or persons vis-à-vis one another, and a defense of the superior stature of the human species vis-à-vis all others species...
Economic Origins of Roman Christianity | Robert B. Ekelund Jr. and Robert D. Tollison
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The Roman Catholic Church, a principal world religion today in competition with other Christian faiths, had, by 1600, achieved dominance over huge swaths of Europe...
Why Jane Austen? | Rachel M. Brownstein
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Somewhere near the middle of "Why Jane Austen?", a book that combines literary and cultural criticism with recollections of teaching and travel and anecdotes about friends, neighbors, and strangers, I describe a gathering of Jane Austen fans I attended some years ago in England...
The inviolable King of Morocco | Mohammad I. Aslam
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
When falling for short term gains to impede long-term retributions happen to be the way forward...
Sickness and Health | Robert Wexelblatt
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Many affairs of this life are fueled by money but one doesn't think about it unless the gas runs out...
The Current Crisis and the Essence of Capitalism | Thomas K. McCraw
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The worldwide economic downturn is no short-term blip but a full-fledged crisis of capitalism. Amid the din of commentary and political posturing, it's appropriate to return to first principles for a better understanding of the crisis. What are these principles? The answer requires a foray into history.
The Hebrew Republic | Eric Nelson
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
It has become commonplace to attribute the rise of modern political thought in the West to a process of “secularization.” In Medieval and Renaissance Europe, so the story goes, political thought was fundamentally Christian, an exercise in applied theology...
Evangelical Christians, Deists, and America’s Founding | Thomas S. Kidd
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
On New Year's Day of 1802, the Baptist evangelist John Leland delivered a remarkable gift to the White House: a 1,235 block of cheese...
Veteran's trip to Vietnam | Edward F. Palm
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Graham Greene was wrong about Vietnam. Not in the main, of course. The Quiet American (1955) still stands as not only the inaugural novel of the American intervention in Vietnam but also as a brilliant exposition on why we were destined to fail...
The writing life | Steven Mayoff
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The writing life of the Canadian author Steven Mayoff.
Great Lakes Foundry 1990 | James Robison
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Short story by James Robison
Cookies | Lee Matthew Goldberg
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Short story by Lee Matthew Goldberg
Bombay Islam | Nile Green
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Along an alleyway amid a shanty town in the old port district of Bombay where in the nineteenth century the great steamship company P and O built its vast dockyard stands a shrine to an African holy man.
Western Samoa: 14 Degrees Southern Latitude | Brad Comann
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
After flying in a two-engine job from Pago Pago (that cheap t-shirt of a town) to Apia , capitol of Western Samoa, a local merchant showed me a series of postcards...
Design and Truth | Robert Grudin
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Perhaps the two most salient aspects of our humanity are our ability to communicate and our ability to design...
A Jane Austen Education | William Deresiewicz
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The idea that reading books can change your life has not been very fashionable this last century or so. It violates the high-modernist principle of art for art's sake, smacks of Victorian moralizing and self-improvement...
Richard Kearney's "Anatheism" | Fanny Howe
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Richard Kearney's Anatheism: Returning to God after God investigates the possibility of a God after God (ana-theos)...
Barbarous Philosophers | Christopher Coker
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
In his book The Invention Of Peace Michael Howard quotes the nineteenth century English jurist, Sir Henry Maine. “It is not peace which was natural and primitive and old, but rather war. War appears to be as old as mankind but peace is a modern invention… Not only is war to be seen everywhere but it is war more atrocious than we, with our ideas, can easily conceive...”
Scotland Goes Down the Quebec Road | Tom Gallagher
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Scotland is a heavily-urbanised but post-industrial nation which voluntarily renounced its status as an independent nation-state to merge with its larger and more powerful southern neighbour England in 1707...
Demystifying Syria | Fred H. Lawson
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Syria remains poorly understood, despite the pivotal role it plays in the contemporary Middle East...
Origins of Political Extremism | Manus I. Midlarsky
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Political extremism is one of the most pernicious, destructive, and nihilistic forms of human expression. During the twentieth century, in excess of 100 million people had their lives taken from them as the result of extremist violence...
Radical Democracy and Political Theology | Jeffrey W. Robbins
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Unbeknownst to many, the world is undergoing a monumental change with regard to the understanding and practice of the proper relationship between religion and politics...
Adam Smith, radical and egalitarian | Iain McLean
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
A few years ago, I published a book with this title, responding to a question posed by Gordon Brown...
The Origins of Business, Money, and Markets | Keith Roberts
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Prior to The Origins of Business, Money, and Markets, nobody has ever described how business, the practice of selling at a profit, first began...
Fairness and the Social Contract | Peter Corning
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
It seems that fairness is an idea whose time has come. True, some cynics view fairness as nothing more than a mask for self-interest. But the cynics are wrong...
Does Science Contradict Religion? | Alvin Plantinga
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Many people, these days, hold the opinion that religion and science conflict; in some deep way they are opposed to each other...
From Mao to Market | Robin Porter
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
It was late autumn 1968. Trudging through the snow along Rue de la Montagne in Montreal as the day drew to a close, I met up with an old family friend...
The Enlargement of Life | John Kekes
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The title comes from Santayana, writing in Three Philosophical Poets of “a steady contemplation of all things in their order and worth. Such a contemplation is imaginative. No one can reach it who has not enlarged his mind and tamed his heart..."
What Literature Teaches Us about Emotion | Patrick Colm Hogan
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
An Essay on What Literature Teaches Us about Emotion.
Was America Founded as a Christian Nation? | John Fea
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Books: Was America Founded as a Christian Nation: A Historical Introduction.
Alienated and Engaged Muslims in the West | Justin Gest
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Book excerpt
Ernesto Sábato "The Tunnel" | Malcolm Forbes
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Book Review
A consideration on early 20th century American culture | Mike Mercer
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Essay by Mike Mercer
On Personality | Michael Milburn
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Essay by the poet Michael Milburn
Iran's Challenge in a time of Arab turmoil | A. Seitz and A.Cordesman
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
The Islamic Republic of Iran presents a wide range of challenges in a region that is already plagued by insecurity and conflict...
From Comrades to Enemies | Nicholas Khoo
May 24th, 2017, 07:14 PM
Sino-Soviet Rivalry and the Termination of the Sino-Vietnamese Alliance.